Abstract

ABSTRACT:

A survey of the hinterland of Polonnaruva revealed that a planned pluralistic landscape developed in Sri Lanka during the latter Early Medieval period (a.d. 600–1200). This represents a significant shift in settlement pattern from the more organically developed Buddhist Temporalities landscape model as found at the antecedent capital of Anuradhapura. Settlements around Polonnaruva were larger, longer-lasting, and more evenly distributed than those at Anuradhapura. This coincided with a major island-wide shift toward centralization thought to be associated with experimentation with a new model of royal control. Both systems can be described as instances of low-density urbanism, however, suggesting that there was greater variation within this settlement genre than previously anticipated.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1535-8283
Print ISSN
0066-8435
Pages
pp. 248-271
Launched on MUSE
2021-11-30
Open Access
No
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