Among the various topics treated by Pope Pius XII in Humani generis, there is numbered the issue of the so-called “New Theology,” best know from its French origins as the “Nouvelle théologie.” This name was first given by Pietro Parente to the French Dominicans Marie-Dominique Chenu and Louis Charlier, though it then soon became quickly known through a general attribution made by Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange in his (in)famous Angelicum article, “La Nouvelle théologie où va-telle?” This article, triggered by remarks concerning dogmatic development expressed by Henri Bouillard, SJ at the end of his Conversion et grâce chez Saint Thomas d’Aquin, is the best-known conservative-Dominican response to the budding French movement of ressourcement theological reflection. However, the full context of the debate from the late 1940s requires a consideration of the complete retinue of articles written by Garrigou-Lagrange, as well as the separate (though equally concerned) articles written by the Toulouse Dominicans Michel Labourdette, Marie-Joseph Nicolas, and Raymond-Léopold Bruckberger. The present article lays out the basic narrative of this encounter, along with the view of theology offered by the Dominicans writing both in Angelicum and the Revue thomiste in response to the Jesuits involved in the two series Théologie and Sources Chrétiennes.