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accotmt of the war composed in a flowing, accessible style and based on primary documents. It won him the Ma.inichi Publishers Cultural Award of 1971. 19 In addition to his historical fiction, his travel accounts, and his historioal studies, Chin is also the only Japanese author to win the three major national mystery writers awards: the Eiogawa prize, the Association of Japanese Detective t- """ Fiction Writers prize {for Route £!.1h!. Peacock JL :{j_ fJl_i_t;J and~ !2, ~ Peak), and the Naoki prize (for lh! Sapphire ~ Censer ·~ i. Jf:f ·f /Ti; t /7- , the story of a lost Chinese art object after the 1911 Revolution and those Who search for it). 1. I have recently completed a translation of this book under the title, Murder .!!!. J! Peking Studio. COMMENT Chun-tu Hsueh. University o£ Maryland. May I add a few words to the use:f'ul report, "Scholarly Periodicals in the PRC," by Linda Grove and Roger Suleski {CBSN V:l October 1979). It seems to me that Suleski missri a significant point in his introduction to "Some Problems in Studying the 1911 Revolution" by Zhang Ka.iyuan. One of the crucial problems raised by Zhang, and not mentioned by Suleski, was the evaluation of Sun Yat-sen' s leadership, an issue probably more interesting to Chinese than .American historians. This was, to the best of uq knowledge, the first article published in the PRC which boldly raised this question. A relevant passage in Zhang's article may be translated as follows: "!I.'h.ere is, o:f course, no doubt that Sun Yat-sen made a significant contribution to the 1911 Revolution, but this does not mean that he was always right. Huang Xin£ and Song Jiaoren may have had their shortcomings, but in the areas of propaganda and armed revolt they had an indelible e:ffect. In a sense, the Tung Meng Hui was founded by a Sun-Huang axis. Furthermore, Song made a great contribution to the revolutionary movement in the Yangtze Valley. .!s :for the questions of reorganizing the Tung Meng Hui into the Kuomintang and surrendering power to Yuan Shikai, these were reflections of the political compromise tendency of an entire class. In crucial matters, at crucial times, all the top leaders agreed; therefore no blame should be put to one or two leaders alone. One should not give credit to Sun Yat-sen that was due to Huang or Song, nor should they be made scapegoats for Stm1 s own failures." For those American ~r Chinese-American historians who have always wanted to "escape from an interpretation of the (1911) Revolution preoccupied with Sun Yat-sen1 s activities" {Ernest P. Young's phrase), Zhang's remark is not an earthshaking statement. But it was an ideological breakthrough in Chinese historiography, 20 which was made possible partly because of the recognition, after the fall of the "gang of four," of a simple faot a a revolutionary leader is a man, not "God." In view of the XMT and CCP historiography of the last several decades and of the "mainstream" of jmerican scholarship in recent years, I think that it deserves more appreciation than it has been given. A.~ REPORT A delegation of scholars representing the Joint Committee on Contemporary China of' the American Council of Leamed Societies (J.CLS) and the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) and the Committee on Studies of Chinese Civilization of the ACLS undertook an information-gathering visit-to the People's Republic of China from December 28, 1979 to January 18, 1980. A comprehensive report of the visit, entitled Huaanistic !!19. Sooial Science Research .,W_ China: Recent History .!:W! Future Prospects, is available free of chaxge by writing the Social Science Research Council, 605· Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158. The volume contains a valuable article by Paul A. Cohen and Merle Goldman describing the present state or modem Chinese history. CENTER FOR flsi N4 STUDIES 1208 w I CILI FORNI A, URB,6NA, IL 618)1 stephen c. Averill c/o Dept of History Kenyon College Gambier, OH 43022 ...


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