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18. Perhaps China's urban economy was noi "at the end of its rope" as Wu Ch'eng-hsi originally suggested in his 1936 article. 2 But neither was it experiencing the economic boom which the output figures of Liu, Yeh, and Chang, when viewed in isolation , would suggest. The economic downswing of the 1930s, whatever its long-run effect, was real, and was keenly felt by the businessmen of urban China. NOTES·1see Wu Ch' eng-hsi, ''Min-kuo erh-shih-ssu-nien-tu te Chung-kuo yin-hang-chieh" (Chinese banking circles in 1935), Tung-fang tsa-chih, 33 (April, 1936), 75; Ma Yinch 'u, Chung-kuo chih hsin-chin-jung cheng-ts 1e (China's new financial policy) (Shanghai, 1937), pp. 29-30; Wu Hsiang-hsiang, Ti-erh-tz*u Chun -Jib chan-chen shih ("The Second Sino-Japanese War, 1931-1945,") (Taipei, 1973 , I: 30 -05; Ku Seng, Kung Hsiang-hsi yU Chung-kuo ts'ai-cheng (H.H. Kung and China's finance) (Taipei, 1979), pp. 106-07; Lloyd E. Eaat-.n, The Abortive Revolution: China Under Nationalist Rule 1 1927-1937 (Cambridge, Mass., 1974), ch. 5. 2Liu Ta-chuna, China's National Income, 1931-36: An Exploratory Study (Washington , D.c., 1946), p. 12. Lloyd E. Eastman cites these figures in Abortive Revolution,·P· 228. 3Yeh Kung-chia, "Capital Formation in Mainland China: 1931-36 and 1952-57," (Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1964), p. 225. 4Jobn ~. Chana, Industrial Development in Pre-Communist China: A Quantitative Analysis (Chicago, 1969), PP• 26-27. 5 Ibid., pp. 61, 71. 6Liu Ta-chung, China's National Income, pp. 45-47, 49-50. 7Yeh Kung-chia, "Capital Formation," p. 226. 8Liu Ta-chUn (D.K. Lieu), Shang-hai kung-yeh-hua (The industrialization of Shanghai) (Cbangaha, 1940), PP• 263-68. 9John Chang, Industrial Development, p. 100; Albert Feuerwerker, The Chinese Economy, 1912-1949 (Ann Arbor, 1968), p. 23. 10chana did give separate figures for China proper but only for three years --1926, 1931, and 1936. These figures reveal an annual increase of 6.7 percent for 1931 to 1936 which was substantially lower than China including Manchuria. Wu Ch'eng-hsi, "Min-kuo erh-ahih-aau-nien," p. 77; Liu Ta-chUn, Shang-hai kung-yeh, pp. 68-71. 11 Parka M. Coble, Jr., The Shanghai Capitalists and the Nationalist Government, 1927m .z. (Cambridge, Mass: forthcoming). 12See n.l. * * * * WORKSHOP ON REBELLION AND REVOLUTION IN NORTH CHINA: LATE MING TO THE PRESENT Roger DeaForges, SUNY7'"iuffalo - - - - - - Robert Somers, University of Missouri From July 27 through August 2, 1979, twenty-eight North American scholars and one European colleague met at the Fairbank Center, Harvard University University, to discuss twerty ··five papers on various aspects of rebellion and revolution in North China from the late Ming through the People's Republic. The workshop dealt primarily with the provinces included in the North China "macrorcg_ .on", as defined by G. William Skinner. Focus was accordingly on Chihli, Shantung and Honan, but some attention was given to surrounding zones in Shansi and Anhwei. For purposes the workshop included one paper o~ Kiangnan, and one of the invited discussants was a specialist on southwest China. By looking at North China from a compar ~ ci'· e perspective • we were able to begin the process of •parating the universal from the particular in that area. The workshop intentionally adopted a long time span, extendinb from the late Ming to the present--in that way transcending the common (but in our \7iew artificial) break points of 1911 and 1949. This allowed us to ask baaic questions about issues of continuity and change from late imperial times to the People's Republic. It also permitted us to study the consolidation and breakdown of at least one centralized regime (the Ch'ing) and to compare aspects of recent Chinese history . with earlier periods. There were ntimerous healthy exchanges over problema of terminology , general theory and specific historical hypotheses, but most of the workshop's efforts were devoted to sorting out, analyzing and comparing substantive data about actual social processes at various times and locales within North China. For further information, contact the organizers above, or the...


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