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-14peasant question in the Volin and Yolk material. For monographic studies of the peasant movement at the local level, good maps are essential. The most detailed (1:50,000) were completed in 1949 by the Geographical Section , General Staff, War Office of Great Britain. ·The Army Map Service of the U.S. Army compiled 1:250,000 maps in 1945. But when using these maps, it should be remembered that they were drawn twenty years after the 1920s and thus that not every village or market town will be shown. Maps drawn in 1930 for Kwangtung province are available at the University of Hong Kong Cartographic Lab. Archival research can provide fresh perspectives on the peasant movement. If the Kuomintang archives in Tsao-tun contain only the items listed in Chung-kuo hsien-tai shih tzu-liao tiao-ch' a mu-1u f fM -f-Ltft t f ~ ti'Jf &J~ (A catalogue of modern Chinese history source materials and documents: Taipei, 1968), they hold very few unpublished sources, except for a few directives issued by the Peasant Department. Potentially rewarding archival sources are those of the various missionary societies in China. Milton Stauffer's The Christian Occupation of China (1922) can serve as a guide to the missionary societies with the greatest number of rural missions. And the archives of the Foreign Offices and Departments of State Of Great Britain, France, Italy, and the United States can be consulted. But the frequency and accuracy of the reporting decreases with distance from the nearest consular office. This short note by no means exhausts the sources available for researching the peasant movement of the 1920s. Excellent local sources, for example, will almost always be discovered in research at the provincial and county level. And Japanese-language works have been omitted for lack of space. But it should be of help both to those who wish to begin delving into the problems of the peasant movement as well as to those who desire to incorporate original material on the peasant movement into broader or complementary studies. * SOUTHWEST CHINA: A REPORT ON TWO WORKSHOPS David Deal, Whitman College Kent Smith, Connecticut College * * Two sUDDller workshops on Southwest China, sponsored by the Social Science Research Council and the American Councii of Learned Societies, were held at the Institute for Compar~tive and Foreign Area Studies of the University of Washington (June 30 through Aug.ust 8, 1975) and the East Asian Research Center of Harvard University (July 14 through August 22, 1975). Each workshop had seven participants; each participant wrote a preliminary draft of a paper on some aspect of Southwest China, defined as the provinces of Kwangsi, Yunnan, s·zechuan, and Kweichow. These papers we.re then presented to and discussed by the other members of the work.shop and i.nterested faculty or graduate students at each center during the sixth and final week. of the work.shop. During the first five weeks participants engaged in research at the base library and met informally on a bi-weekly basis to discuss research in progress. In addition, Professor G. William Skinner addressed both workshops on the way in which his method for studying macro-regions may be applied to the Southwest, Professor Robert Ruhlmann presented a talk at the Harvard workshop on the Southwest during the Three Kingdoms period, and Mr. Jae-hyon Byon explained the proper uses of local gazetteers dealing with Southwest China. Mr. Byon also prepared a bibliography of gazetteers on Southwest China, giving title, date of publication, names of libraries in the United States which hold each ·gazetteer, and whether or not the gazetteer may be found in Taiwan or Japan. Although the fourteen papers covered topics ranging in time from the ninth century to -15the 1960s, five of them focused on the Republican era. Brief sunnnaries of the major conclusions of these five papers are as follows: 1. David Deal, "Rural Handicraft Industries in Kw:angsi Province in the 1930s." The peripheral counties of Kwangsi in the 1930s may be divided into three types: (1) those located on a provincial border but not a regional border, such as along the border with Kwangtung, (2) those located on a regional boTder...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1940-5065
Print ISSN
1521-5385
Pages
pp. 14-17
Launched on MUSE
2021-05-25
Open Access
No
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