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RECENT JAPANESE RESEARCH ON REPUBLICAN ~.2E_ POLITICAL ~ ECONOMIC HISTORY James H. Colei; Yale University 7. The two-hundredth ~ssue of Ajia Keizai (Asian Economics), published by Japan's Institute for Developing Economies, is of special interest to students of Republican China. This special double issue (January-February 1978, vol. 19, Ul-#2)·is devoted to review articles :f " h i Th d on "Japanese studies during the 1970s on developing countries. It covers t e ent re ir World, with six articles oti China: the contemporary economy, economic history, contemporary politics, political history, Taiwan,.. and Hong Kong. Sketched below in a very summary and selective fashion are the contents of the two review articles on political and economic history (with my own addenda and comments in parentheses). Readers interested in an earlier collection of similar review articles should consult the hundredth issue of Ajia Keizai, published in 1969. Professor Yamada Tatsuo J.L- Bi ~ ~~ of Keio University is the author of the essay on Chinese political history, covering works in Japanese published between 1969 and 1977 on the Republican period, 1911-1949. The topics he covers are the 1911 Revolution, warlordi• and the May 4th movement, CCP history, KMT history, and mass movements. On the 1911 Revolution , Yamada notes that the dominant interpretation in recent Japanese research considers 1911 a bourgeois revolution. Of 1 the very few works taking exception to this view, the collection of articles by Ichiko Chuzo is the most noteworthy. (Prof. Ichiko's interpretation of 1911 is of course summarized in his contribution to China In Revolution, edited by Mary Wright.) Yamada notes that recent studies of 1911 have often adopted a local history approach, with coverage of Shantung, Manchuria, Hunan, Hupei, Kweichow, Szechwan, and Kwangtung. The relationship of socialism to the 1911 Revolution has been studied in a book by Hazama Naoki and in several a!ticles by Kojima Yoshio on the Chinese Socialist Party., Workers' Party, and Peasants' Party. (A major symposium volume on 1911 was published too late for inclusion in Yamada's review: The result of a long-term project at Kyoto's Institute for Humanistic Studiea, it is edited by the senior intellectual historians Onogawa Hidemi 1l"' ft J'\ *~ and Shimada Kenji i a:! Ji. ~~ ·and titled Shingai kakumei no kenkyu *~ J -'f; ') .,._ ~ , 1978). Its chapters cover the following topics: the problem of Confucius as of 1911, revolutionary propaganda, the confrontation between the Constitutionaliata and the Revolutionaries, Chang Ping-lin, Liu Shih-pei and anarchism, secret societies and the 1911 Revolution, Sung Chiao-jen, the Nanking provisional government,.the woman's movement•• of 1911, the Reconstruction Loan, anti-Japanese boycotts, the Kor~ rights recovery movement circa 1910, and American recognition of the new Chinese Republic.) On warlordism Hatano Yoshihiro (of Nagoya University) has produced the outstanding recent work.3 (Hatano devotes much more attention to warlord politif& than to socio-econollic factors. His comparative perspective, tteating both European militarism and late T'ang warlordism, is especially intlresting.) Among several works on May 4th are an intellectual history by Maruyama Matsuyuki and an article by Ono Kazuko (known inter alia for her bio- . graphy of Huang Tsung-hsi) on women's liberation in the May 4th pe~lod.5 On the history of the CCP, Yamada's remarks make it clear that Japanese China apeciali•t• have been no more prescient than Westerners in foreseeing the critici8111 of the Cultural Revolution and the Gang of Four. Thus, Yamada notes, works on CCP history written from a Maoist viewpoint stand in need of rethinking. On the First United Front a major work is another book by Hatano Yoshihiro,6 which stresses the influence of the Soviet Union and the Comintern. On the Kiangsi Soviet period, the emphasis of recent research has been on the relationship between the Comintern and CCP Central Committee on the one hand and Mao on the other, as well as on the CCP's political, military, and agrarian policies in both the urban and rural contexts . An article by Shigemori Yoshio on the Canton Commune,7 using Russian sources, placea 8. the blame for the Commune's failure not on Comintern policy but rather on the individual mistakes of Lominadze...


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