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8 established writer of the Party history}. These men are mostly veteran Communist revolutionaries of the December-Ninth-Movement generation of student activists, who have served long and faithfully under the leadership of Hu Yaobang, ·CCP Chairman, and Hu Qiaomu, China's current cultural tsar. Nationalist leaders in Taipei have responded energetically and skillfully to the intellectual and political challenges from the Chinese mainland. To presen~ their case to an international forum of scholars, a major conference commemorating the founding of the Republic was held in 1981, two months before the Wuhan conference. They are also actively engaged in publishing historical materials, which are described below in Mr. Ch 1 in Hsiao-yi's report. It may be noted, however, that the major focus of future publications in Taiwan is likely to be on the last two decades or so of the Republican period. This is because the Nationalist Party Archives has already published most of the primary sources on the earlier decades, and because the bulk of materials in the Party Archives on the later decades (including the personal collections of such late leaders as Chiang Kai-shek and Ch•en Ch 1 eng} have not yet been systematically combed. Moreover, there are now historians whose researches are oriented toward this later period of Republican history, such as Li Yun-han, Chiang Yung-ching, Chang Yu-fa, Lai Tse-han, Ch 1 en Yung-fa, and graduate students under their supervision. The considerable potential of the Taiwan scholarships is evident in the catalog of the 1981 exhibition on Republican History, sponsored by the National Central Library, which includes a long list of graduate-student theses. The title of this latter work is Ch 1 ing-chu chienkuo ch'i-shih-nien tang-tai hsueh-shu lun-chu chan-lan mu-lu (Catalog of contemporary scholarly works displayed in clebration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Republic; 289 p.}. ON THE CATALOGING AND PUBLICATION OF THE ARCHIVES OF THE 1911 REVOLUTION Li Zongyi Institute of Modern Chinese History Chinese Academy of Social Sciences The Revolution of 1911 overthrew the Qing Dynasty and founded a republic, thus putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchy; it was a revolution of major importance and was unprecedented in Chinese history. Chinese historians have steadily devoted themselves to scientifically interpreting the history of the Revolution of 1911. In recent years, in particular, a number of works specializing in the history of the 1911 Revolution, and works on modern Chinese history which incorporate the history of the 1911 Revolution, have been published or are soon to be published. The History of the Republic of China, a multivolume project, is currently being compiled and the first volume is already off the presses. Nearly 200 papers by authors on the mainland were submitted to the Wuhan Symposium in October 1981 commemorating the 70th anniversary of the t I f i,. I f: l 9 1911 Revolution. Eighty-one of these were formally presented to the Symposium for discussion. A large number of other collected works, collected papers, chronicles of lives of prominent figures, and topical compilations of other historical documents have also been published. The publication of archives, for example, has shown spectacular advances. According to incomplete statistics, about 3,000 documents, running to nearly six million words, have been, or soon will be published. China has a long tradition of attaching great importance to history and the careful preservation of historical arch~ves. · Th; ~~ccJssive dynasties built archival storehouses such as the Sh1 Qu Ge ( b ~ ~1 ) of the Han dynasty'>!. the Jia Ge Ku ( l ti! il ) of the Song dynasty, the Huang Ce Ku ( ~- )i. ) and the Huang Shi CLeng ( 1_t~ )of the Ming dynasty, and the Nef'Ge Da Ku (~~Jli_) of the Qing dynasty. However, the replacement of one dynasty by an~t.'\1er:f natural calamities, and especially frequent acts of foreign aggression in modern times have gravely damaged the ancient Chinese archives. Of the archives prior to the Ming dynasty, only a smattering have survived. During the period of the Chinese Republic, torn apart by separatist warlord regimes and frequent civil wars, there...


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