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16 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORICAL COMMISSION OF THE KUOMINTANG Chin Hsiao-yi Director, Historical Commission of the Kuomintang I. History and Organization The Commission for the Compilation of Historical Materials on Party History was instituted in Nanking in May 1930 to collect and store recores and documents concerning Kuomintang history. In 1972, the Commission assumed its present name, with the duties of collecting, classifying, studying, compiling, publishing, and exhibiting important revolutionary docuemnts. Apart from these duties, the Commission has also played an important role in the promotion of international scholarly exchanges. In June 1979, the historical materials housed separately at Ts'ao-t'un in central Taiwan, at Ch'ing-t'an in suburban Taipei, and At Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Taipei, were moved to the Yangming Archives (Yang-ming shu-wu) on Yangming Mountain. Later the files in the Repository of President Chiang Kai-shek's Papers were also transferred there. The historical data on modern China have thus been centralized. In August 1980, the Dr. Sun Yat-seri Library located in Dr. Sun's Memorial Hall, Taipei, was also placed in the charge of the Commission. From then on, the Commission has practically become the greatest center for collecting, studying, and publishing historical materials on modern China. II. Collection of Documents A. Historical Materials of the Kuomintang 1. Sources for the study of Sun Yat-sen: Including Dr. Sun's photos, manuscripts, calligraphy, writings, biography, letters, official messages, and other mementos. 2. 3. Sources for study of Chiang Kai-shek: Including his photos, manuscripts, calligraphy, writings, biography, letters, official messages, and other mementos: Sources for the study of revolutionary leaders and martyrs: Including photos, calligraphy, letters, writings, biographies, and other pertinent mementos of all the major revolutionaries since the Hsing-chung-hui. 4. Sources on the national revolution in various periods: Including photos, documents, and writings concerning the Party's organizations and activities in different stages, from Hsingchung -hui, T'ung-meng-hui, Kuo-min-tang, Chung-Hua Ke-rningtang to the Chung-Kuo Kuo-min-tang. .} , 17 5. Minutes of various meetings of the Kuomintang: IncludinQ the original records of conferences, such as those of the National Congresses, plenary sessions, Central Executive Committee Meetings, Central Political Council Meetings, and meetings of the Supreme National Defense Council. 6. Special files of the Kuomintang: Including the files of the Party's headquarters on Huan-lung Road, Shanghai, and those in Hankow; and for distinguished party members, e.g., Wu Chih-hui and Li Shih-tseng. B. Chiang Kai-shek's Papers The Repository of President Chiang Kai-shek's papers, generally known as the Ta-hsi Archives, are presently housed in the Yangming Archives and regarded by t~e Office of the President as classified documents. The Repository comprises the most important hand-written dispatches and telegrams to and from the late President dealing with the establishment and command of the National Revolutionary Army, national salvation, national reconstruction, opposition to and suppression of Communism, as well as his pursuit of learning and handling of daily affairs. C. Periodicals and Newspapers Including the official bulletins of the central, provincial, and municipal governments, as well as the leading magazines and newspapers published in various times and places all over the country. The collection of newspapers runs up to more than 21,000 bound volumes, the largest collection in Taiwan. D. Books The Library Materials Center of the Yangming Archives has a collection of over 100,000 Chinese and Western books. The Dr. Sun Yat-sen Library has a collection of 300,000 books, including many transcribed copies and rare books. E. Microfilms, Tapes, and Films Including 620 microfilms of historical materials and books, 581 recorded tapes of the lectures presented at various meetings, and 44 documentary films. III. Research, Compilation and Publication In respect to the research activities of the Commission, staff members are engaged in research work on specific topics in accordance with the research projects designed to suit their interests and specialties. So far ~he Commission has published several substantial monographs written by its members, such as Chiang Yung-ching's Pao-lo 18 t'ing yu Wu-hand cheng-ch'~an (Michael Borodin and the...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1940-5065
Print ISSN
1521-5385
Pages
pp. 16-22
Launched on MUSE
2021-05-25
Open Access
No
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