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REPORT ON THE CONFERENCE ON DR. SUN YAT-SEN AND MODERN CHINA by William c. Kirby The first half of the 1980's has witnessed an explosion of Republican China studies on both sides of the Taiwan straits. On the mainland, the multifaceted Republican History Project under Professor Li Zongyi of the Institute of Modern History of the Academy of Social Sciences is but the clearest example of the talent and resources devoted to Republican studies in history departments and research institutes throughout the P.R.C. Archival collections, such as that of the Second Historical Archives, have become increasingly accessible to Chinese and foreign scholars ·alike, and have issued their own documentary publications, while national conferences have publicized and encouraged new research directions.[1] In a similar fashion, Republican studies have entered a new era on Taiwan under the combined encouragement of the Party Archives Commission of the Kuomintang, the Academia Historica, and the Institute of Modern History of the Academia Sinica. Through publications, conferences, and by allowing greater access to the documents under their domain, all three R.o.c. organizations have increased significantly their commitment to the study of the 1912-49 period during the past five years. The initial impetus appears to have come from the Party Archives (Tarig-shih-hui) under Director Ch'in Hsiao-i, who also heads the National Palace Museum. Several years ago, the. Party Archives consolidated its holdings with those of the Presidential Archive of Chiang Kal-shek (formerly at Ta-hsi) in its Yang-ming-shan facility north of Taipei city. The reorganized and now open (if not exhaustive) card catalogue, a well-trained staff under Vice-Director Li Yun-han, and the availability of xeroxing have all contributed to improved research conditions at the archive. Significant numbers of previously inaccessible documents have been made available to scholars. Other materials from still-restricted sources, such as the Presidential Archive, began to be published selectively in 1981 in an important multi-part series, Chung-hua min-kuo chung-yao shih-liao ch'u-pien: Tui Jih k'ang-chan shih-ch'i [Important historical materials of ·the Republic of China, first compilation: the period of the anti-Japanese war of resistance]. At present, four parts of this series have been published: three introductory volumes [Hsu-pien] of documents focusing largely on the Nanking decade; three volumes of documents on wartime Sino-foreign relations [Chan-shih wai-chiao], organized by country; four volumes on "puppet organizations" [K'ueilei tsu-chih], particularly Manchoukuo and the Wang Ching-wei regime; and four volumes on postwar China [Chan-hou Chung-kuo]. Soon to appear in the series are collections on wartime military activities [Tso-chan ching-kuo], wartime economic construction [Chan-shih chienshe ], and Communist activities during the war [K'ang-chan shih-ch'i 57 chien Chung-kung huo-tung chen-hsiang]. A second multi-part series, now in "preliminary draft edition," will deal with "Major Events Concerning the Life of the Late President Chiang Kai-shek.'' The documents published thus far constitute a major addition to publicly available research materials; serious new work in Republican political history, at least, cannot avoid consulting them.[2] The Academia Historica (Kuo-shih-kuan), as the official, though by no means exclusive, repository of documents of the National Government, 1928-49, also has allowed greater access to its holdings, and has been particularly active in research and publication since the appointment of Director Chu Hui-sen in 1984. Recent research visits to the facility at Ta-ch'i-chiao, in Hsin-tien, southwest of Taipei, found it to be an excellent place to work, with a very helpful staff under Director Chu and Archivist Lu Shou-ch'ang. Significant new publications of the archive include: Hsu Shih-shen, ed., Kuo-min cheng-fu chien-chih chih-ming lu [Lists of officials in National Government Organizations, 1926-48] (Taipei, 1984); Hung Kuei-chi, ed., Jih-pen tsai Hua pao-hsing lu [Records of Japanese atrocities in China, 1928-45] (Taipei, 1985); and, most recently, Ch'eng Yu-feng and Ch'eng Yu-huang, eds., Tzu-yuan wei-yuan-hui tangan shih-liao ch'u-pien [Historical documents of...


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