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Studies on Republican China in the Soviet Union by Peter M. Ivanov This compilation deals with Soviet research on Republican China during two years (second half 1987 - first half 1989). It must be noted that studies on different aspects of the minguo period are being done mostly in the Institute of Oriental Studies and the Institute of Far East of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in Moscow, by certain scholars from the Institute of Asian and African Countries of the Moscow State University (the well known specialist on the KMT, Professor Arlen V. 1tfeliksetov, is now the Director), the Oriental Languages Departme~' of Leningrad State University, and the Far Eastern State University in Vladivostok. Books and articles are being put out primarily by the "Nauka" (Science Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences) "Problem! Delanego Vostoka" (Problems of the Far East) bimonthly of the Institute of Far East, and less often by "Narodi Azii i Afriki" (Peoples of Asia and Africa) bimonthly of the academic institutes of Oriental Studies and of Africa. The main conference, where different issues of minguo research are being discussed , is "Society and State in China." It has been held for twenty years by the China Section of the Institute of Oriental Studies (Section Head- Professor L. P. Delyusin). As for the ·main trends in Soviet research on the Republican period, one must stress the growing interest in the history of SinoSoviet relations, connected with liberalization of access to archive materials. Among the publications of my list (which, I emphasize, is selective), just over twenty percent are devoted to different aspects of contacts between the two countries in the first half of the twentieth century. Among the most interesting are articles about Chinese participants in the October Revolution (see numbers 22 and 47) , about early activities of Chinese Communists in Russia (number 32), and some new information on Chiang Chingkuo•s life in Siberia (in an article by V.B. Vorontsov, number 48). A book by F. V. Solovyov Chinese Seasonal Workers in the Russian Far East During the Capitalist Period, 1861-1917 (number 11) is a good beginning to the history of the Chinese community in Russia. Diverse aspects of coolie life in the Russian Empire and in Soviet Russia still await detailed investigation. Deciphering PigeonRussian will be an exciting task for a linguist. Now about works dealing with China itself. During the period under review, three books have been published. I would like to draw attention to A. V. Meliksetov•s newly published research on KMT 77 China, The Victory of Chinese Revolution, 1945 - 49) (num.ber 7). The author is well the known in this country for his objective approach to the history of the Chinese revolution, especially for even-handed analysis of the roles of both the CPC and the KMT in China's social and political development. China During the War Against Japanese Aggression (1937-1945) (number 2), written by a group of authors and edited by Professor V. I. Glinin of the Institute of Far East, introduces a great amount of data from newly published Chinese sources. More descriptive than conceptual, the book can be considered an important step towards realistic depiction of the complicated political, economic and social problems of wartime China. S. R. Belousov of the Institute of Far East has published a book, The Concept of "National Social ism" in China, 1920s-40s, i-n which he analyses the genesis, evolution and the socio-political impl !cat ions of the Chinese version of "nationa! social ism" as a specific modification of the theory and practice of a "third" path of development, and the views of its advocates, Zhang .Junmai and Zhang Dongsun. Bel ousov considers the East-West dichotomy, the ideological and theoretical sources and socio-historical prerequisites of attempts to synthesize traditional Chinese ideology and Western thought, and shows that the idea of a synthesis was extrapolated from the possi hili ty of combining capitalism and socialism. The theme itself is of extreme importance for understanding the complicated details of China's political history, of the development of its ideology. Unfortunately, the analysis of ideas of leaders of the National Socialist Party is very often superficial...


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