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Support for Twentieth-Century China is provided by The Ohio State University’s East Asian Studies Center, Department of History, and College of Humanities. TWENTIETH-CENTURY CHINA ISSN: 1521-5385 Published by The Ohio State University Press Columbus, OH 43213 USA© 2006 by Twentieth-Century China Editorial Board All rights reserved. Chief Editor: Christopher A. Reed, The Ohio State University Managing Editor: Jessica R. Pliley, The Ohio State University Twentieth-Century China is a refereed journal. For submission information please see the “Notice to Contributors” at the end of this issue. Please contact the Chief Editor with any questions: Professor Christopher A. Reed History Department, The Ohio State University 230 West 17th Avenue Columbus, OH 43210-1367 USA E-mail: For questions on subscriptions and back issues, contact: The Ohio State University Press 180 Pressey Hall 1070 Carmack Road Columbus, OH 43210-1002 USA E-mail: EDITORIAL BOARD Geremie R. Barmé (ANU), Parks Coble (Nebraska), Sherman Cochran (Cornell), Prasenjit Duara (Chicago), John Fitzgerald (La Trobe), Christina Gilmartin (Northeastern), Christian Henriot (Université Lumière-Lyon 2-CNRS), Gail Hershatter (UC-Santa Cruz), Jeffrey C. Kinkley (St. John’s), William Kirby (Harvard), Elizabeth Perry (Harvard), R. Keith Schoppa (Loyola), David Strand (Dickinson), Yamada Tatsuo (Keio), Wen-hsin Yeh (UC-Berkeley), Ernest P. Young (Michigan) Issues are published in November and April of each academic year. Current subscription rates are as follows: Individuals—$30; Institutions—$60; Full-time Students—$15. Make checks payable to: “Twentieth-Century China, The Ohio State University Press.” Calligraphy on cover by Yan Bo TWENTIETH-CENTURY CHINA CONTENTS Editor’s Note /2 ARTICLES Julia F. Andrews and Kuiyi Shen The Japanese Impact on the Republican Art World: The Construction of Chinese Art History as a Modern Field /4 Kathryn Meyer Garden of Grand Vision: A Slum Journey—1941 /36 Michael M. Sheng Mao Zedong and the Three-Anti Campaign (November 1951 to April 1952): A Revisionist Interpretation /56 RESEARCH NOTE Richard T. Phillips The Search for Oil in the Chinese Northeast before 1949 /81 ANNOUNCEMENTS /90 Twentieth-Century China disclaims any responsibility or liability for statements of fact or opinion expressed by contributors. November 2006 2 EDITOR’S NOTE Reflecting the rapid growth of what has been termed “Sino-Japanese studies,” three of the four items published in the November 2006 issue of Twentieth-Century China examine historical issues involving both China and Japan (and two of them examine China’s pre-1949 Northeast [Manchuria]). Twentieth-Century China welcomes comparative and other articles that cover two or more parts of the world as long as the focus is on China in the twentieth century. These three submissions fit that description. Further, one of the three is a “Research Note,” the first to appear during my editorship. I would like to encourage others to keep this journal in mind for their future comparative, Sino-Japanese, and research note writings. First in the line-up is an article by Julia F. Andrews and Kuiyi Shen, both noted senior art historians of modern China who have contributed to the rewriting of the Chinese art history canon. In “The Japanese Impact on the Republican Art World: The Construction of Chinese Art History as a Modern Field,” they discuss the early creation of the canon, particularly that of Chinese painting, in Republican China. Based on their study of significant 1920s-era institutions and publications, Andrews and Shen show that China’s most influential early art historians adopted Meiji- and Taishō-era Japanese aesthetic values and pedagogical frameworks at least partly out of expedience. The approaches of the art history textbooks they published in the 1920s, argue Andrews and Shen, long survived their authors. Indeed, they continued to shape the field of Chinese art history in China and abroad throughout the subsequent decades of the twentieth century. Kathryn Meyer, a specialist in the history and sociology of Chinese criminal culture, is the author of “Garden of Grand Vision: A Slum Journey—1941.” This study is set in Harbin’s slums during the Manchukuo era (1932-45). Meyer’s chief source is a Japanese police report on a seedy Harbin flophouse known as the Garden...


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