We prove that solutions of the cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation on $\Bbb{R}^2$ can be approximated by a finite-dimensional Hamiltonian system, uniformly on bounded sets of initial data. This is despite the wealth of non-compact symmetries: scaling, translation, and Galilei boosts.

Complementing this approximation result, we show that all solutions of the finite-dimensional Hamiltonian system we use can be approximated by the full PDE.

A key ingredient in these results is the development of a general methodology for transfering uniform global space-time bounds to suitable Fourier truncations of dispersive PDE models.

As an application, we prove symplectic non-squeezing (in the sense of Gromov) for the cubic NLS on $\Bbb{R}^2$. This is the first symplectic non-squeezing result for a Hamiltonian PDE in infinite volume. It is also the first unconditional symplectic non-squeezing result in a scaling-critical setting.

Finally, we discuss implications of non-squeezing on the nature of scattering.


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pp. 613-680
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
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