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This article examines the characteristics of the governing structure over two time periods in the Japanese industrial city of Kitakyushu through the use of urban regime theory. Kitakyushu is known as a corporate city or castle town for industries related to steel. Kitakyushu’s growth management politics started to form with environmental issues in the early part of the 1960s. Public-private partnerships for environmental management were constructed, and environmental management was done by an alliance of the city government and business. In the late 1980’s, in period of urban decline and restructuring, the existing form of exclusive partnership between local government and large companies began to extend to a new form that included various community levels and interest groups. But the incorporation of community interests into the urban decision-making process in Kitakyushu has limitations. It is more concerned about the realization of company profits than community interests. Decision-making power thus is still concentrated in local government and large corporations within partnership structures.