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Few First World War photographers are well known, but in the French case virtually none are remembered. The main reason for this invisibility, despite enormous output, is that the French military-media complex during the war systematically removed the identities of official and commercial photographers from their work. This article explores why that happened, and why French photographers appeared to acquiesce to such a procedural regime. Social, political, and aesthetic factors all pushed the anonymity of French wartime photographers to an extreme possibly unique among all Western nations of the period.