The formal structure of the construction formed by a numeral (Num), a sortal classifier (C) or mensural classifier (M), and a noun (N), is controversial, as both left-branching [[Num C/M] N] and right-branching [Num [C/M N]] structures have been argued for in the literature. In this paper we report two psycholinguistic experiments on speech production and perception in Mandarin to investigate this branching issue. First, we applied the syntax-phonology interface of tone 3 (T3) sandhi and performed a phonological analysis of native speakers’ tone sandhi patterns of [Num C/M N] phrases composed of T3 monosyllabic words. Second, we conducted a click-detection experiment to see how native speakers would perceive a click inserted in a C/M phrase composed of monosyllabic words, as compared to when it is inserted in other syntactic structures with attested left or right-branching. Results from both experiments supported the leftbranching structure of classifier phrases.
汉语中数词、量词与名词所组成的词组在句法结构上备受争议，在文 献中不论是左分支或是右分支的结构都各有支持者。本文透过语言产 生和语言感知的两种实验探究这个议题。第一项实验应用汉语在句法 音韵界面的三声变调，从母语者在单音节词构成的[数量名]词组中的 三声变调产出，推断词组的分支方向；第二项实验则观察母语者在句 中对于插入音响的感知侦测，并将结果与其他已证实分支方向的句法 结构之感知情况做比较。两项实验的结果皆支持量词词组的左分支结 构。
Classifier phrase, Left-branching, Right-branching, Speech production, Speech perception
量词词组, 左分支, 右分支, 语言产生, 语言感知