Laos is a landlocked country with limited natural resources. As a communist country, Laos is often assumed to be a close ally of China as it is an ideological companion and a "satellite" state that depends on China's economic blessing. The authors argue that Laos is actually aware that it is cornered among difficult geopolitical relations and is striving for a certain autonomy in domestic and foreign policies. This article will enhance the understanding of the dynamics and options available to the Southeast Asian state other than those suggested by international relations theories. It also serves to contribute to the emerging studies on the effect of China's Belt and Road Initiative and the response of the countries along it.