Discordant Patient and Clinician Perspectives on the Potential Value of Genetic Services in Safety-Net Clinics
- Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
- Johns Hopkins University Press
- Volume 31, Number 3, August 2020
- pp. 1347-1363
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Purpose. As new genetic services become available, their implementation in safety-net settings must be studied. Methods. We interviewed stakeholders (patients and primary care clinicians) from federally qualified health centers to discuss the utility, acceptability, and priority of new genetic services. We presented scenarios tailored for each audience describing carrier testing, diagnostic testing for a developmental delay, and hereditary cancer syndrome testing. We summarized transcripts using the framework method and compared patient and clinician perspectives. Results. Clinicians questioned the relevance and priority of genetic services. Hereditary cancer testing was perceived most favorably by clinicians, who focused on actionability, cost, and access to downstream care. Patients stated that access to genetic services was important and that there should be parity across safety-net and higher-resourced settings. Conclusions. Genetic services with clear clinical impact are more acceptable to clinicians in safety-net clinics. Clinicians may be underestimating patients' interest in expanded genetic services.