This essay argues that, pressed by the current ecological crises, Foucault’s analysis of biopower ought to be augmented by a study of governmentality at the geological level. What we call “geopower” supplements the politics of man as living being (bios) with the question of man as a collective actor upon the nonliving (geos). Approaching the age of biopower as also that of geopower, we suggest that the “subject of interest,” or homo economicus, first enshrined in eighteenth-century liberalism and reinvented under twentieth-century neoliberalism, must today be thought also as a geosubject, or homo ecologicus. We offer a critical genealogy of geopower to show that the management of the earth is not a recent development but emerges as the presupposition of the government of life, and that a critique of biopolitical modernity must attend to its geo-political counterpart. The account we offer here, while far from exhaustive in its examination of the historical and conceptual indices of geopower, seeks to offer a set of methodological provocations that we hope will bring scholars of biopolitics and neoliberalism into renewed dialogue with those more directly focused on environmental questions.


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pp. 32-51
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