Abstract

Resumen:

Este artículo propone una explicación para los altos niveles de violencia, incluidos asesinatos e intentos de asesinato, en el ciclo electoral 2017–2018 en México. Argumentamos que la violencia política está relacionada con la actividad del crimen organizado y que las organizaciones criminales en México se han involucrado más en concursos políticos, especialmente a nivel local, debido a una mayor fragmentación y competencia, fuentes diversificadas de ingresos, y el nuevo objetivo de extorsionar dinero de e incluso ocupar puestos de autoridad política. Los actos violentos cometidos durante el ciclo electoral pretenden lograr un fin material (en la mayoría de los casos, la muerte) y servir como un "teatro" de comunicación política. Esta comunicación política se recibe y se difunde en un contexto de rumor y secreto público, lo cual contribuye a la sensación general de vulnerabilidad y miedo por parte de la sociedad frente a los grupos criminales.

Abstract:

This article suggests explanations for the high levels of violence, including assassinations and attempted assassinations, in the 2017–2018 election cycle in Mexico. We argue that the political violence is related to organized crime activity and that criminal organizations in Mexico have become more involved in political contests, especially at the local level, due to increased fragmentation and competition, diversified sources of income, and the new objective of extorting money from and even occupying positions of political authority. The violent acts committed during the electoral cycle are intended to achieve a material end (in most cases, death) and to serve as a "theater" of political communication. This political communication is received and disseminated in a context of public rumor and secrecy, which contributes to the general sense of vulnerability and fear on the part of society in the face of criminal groups.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1557-203X
Print ISSN
1557-2021
Pages
pp. 28-45
Launched on MUSE
2020-04-02
Open Access
No
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