A. Kayum Ahmed is the Division Director for Access & Accountability at the Public Health Program (PHP) in New York where he leads PHP's global work on access to medicines and innovation. He also teaches a class on socioeconomic rights as an adjunct faculty member at Columbia Law School. Kayum holds a Ph.D. in international and comparative education from Columbia University, various degrees in law from the University of Oxford (MS.t), Leiden University (LL.M.), and the University of Cape Town (LL.B.), as well as degrees in anthropology (M.A.) and theology (B.A. Hons.).
Payam Akhavan S.J.D. LL.M. (Harvard) is Full Professor of International Law at McGill University, Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and former Legal Advisor to the Prosecutor's Office of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1994-2000). He served as advisor to the Committee for the Recognition of the Genocide against Yazidi Kurds and Other Religious and Ethnic Minorities of the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq.
Zehra F. Kabasakal Arat is Professor of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. Her research focuses on theoretical and empirical questions related to human rights, with an emphasis on women's rights. She is the Founding President of the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association. Her publications include numerous journal articles and book chapters, as well as authored, edited, and co-edited books, including: Democracy and Human Rights in Developing Countries (1991); Deconstructing Images of "The Turkish Woman," (1998); Non-state Actors in the Human Rights Universe (2006); Human Rights Worldwide (2006); Human Rights in Turkey (2007); and The Uses and Misuses of Human Rights (2014).
Sareta Ashraph, LL.M. (Harvard) B.A. (Hons) (Oxford) is an international criminal barrister, with particular expertise in gender and genocide. As Chief Legal Analyst of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria (2012-2016), she drafted the June 2016 report which determined ISIL was committing the crime of genocide against the Yazidis. In 2019, she was UNITAD's Senior Analyst examining ISIL crimes in Iraq. She continues to work with Yazidi and other communities in northern Iraq seeking justice for ISIL crimes.
Barzan Barzani Ph.D. (Symbiosis) is a postdoctoral fellow at McGill University, Faculty of Law and primarily responsible for conducting the field survey among Yazidi survivors in Iraq that is detailed in this article and its data analysis.
Keeley Gogul earned her M.A. in Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies from the University of Cincinnati in May 2019 and is currently a first-year law student at the University of Cincinnati College of Law. [End Page 299]
Charles P. Henry is professor emeritus of African American Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. In 1994, President Clinton appointed him to the National Council on the Humanities for a six-year term. Former president of the National Council for Black Studies, Henry is the author/editor of nine books and more than 80 articles and reviews on Black politics, public policy, and human rights. Before joining the University of California at Berkeley in 1981, Henry taught at Denison University and Howard University. Henry was chair of the board of directors of Amnesty International USA from 1986 to 1988 and served on AI's International Executive Committee from 1989-91. He was an office director in the State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor from 1993-4, and is a former NEH Post-doctoral Fellow and American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow. Professor Henry was Distinguished Fulbright Chair in American History and Politics at the University of Bologna, Italy for the spring semester of 2003. In the fall of 2006, Henry was one of the first two Fulbright-Tocqueville Distinguished Chairs in France teaching at the University of Tours. Chancellor Birgeneau presented Henry with the Chancellor's Award for Advancing Institutional Excellence in April 2008. He holds a doctorate in Political Science from the University of Chicago and an honorary doctorate in Humane Letters from Denison.
Nicola Jägers holds the Chair International Human Rights Law at the Law School of Tilburg University in the Netherlands. Nicola is also a Commissioner at the National Human Rights Institute, the official NHRI of the Netherlands. Over the past ten years Nicola has worked on the transformations that have occurred in international (human rights) law relating to changes in the relationships between states and markets and changes in the regulatory roles and capacities of NGOs and transnational business corporations. In 2002, Nicola published one of the earliest books on the issue of corporate responsibility for human rights violations: Corporate Human Rights Obligations: In Search of Accountability. Ever since, the consequences of the two dominant faces of globalization—the expansion of trade across borders and the universalizing effects of the human rights movement—have remained Nicola's core research interest resulting in participation in various research projects, and multiple publications on the issue. More recently, Nicola has begun to consider the ways in which regulatory approaches might be useful for the enforcement, socialization, and protection of human rights. She is also a member of the Dutch government's Advisory Committee on International Affairs, a member of the Executive Board of the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, and a board member of the Netherlands Network for Human Rights Research.
Istvan Lakatos is a career diplomat, a former human rights ambassador of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary, currently the senior human rights advisor of the Ministry of Human and Minority Rights of Montenegro. The opinions expressed herein are strictly personal and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Hungarian MFAT. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sandra Liebenberg is Distinguished Professor and H.F. Oppenheimer Chair in Human Rights Law at the University of Stellenbosch Law Faculty. She has been a member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights since 1 January 2017. [End Page 300]
J. Paul Martin teaches human rights at Barnard College, Columbia University. He co-founded the Center for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University in 1978 with Prof. Louis Henkin, creating many of its different degree and other programs, notably the Human Rights Advocates Program in 1989. He specializes on human rights with respect to education, Africa, and world religions.
David Matyas MPhil (Oxford) LLB/BCL (McGill) is a former aid worker and current legal articling student. This manuscript was written over the course of his studies at McGill University Faculty of Law. The views expressed herein are only those of the authors in their personal capacity.
Jamie Mayerfeld is Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington, and author of The Promise of Human Rights: Constitutional Government, Democratic Legitimacy, and International Law. He is current president of the Western Political Science Association.
Crystal Parikh is a Professor of English and Social & Cultural Analysis at New York University, where she is also the Director of the Asian/Pacific/American Institute. Most recently, she authored Writing Human Rights: The Political Imaginaries of Writers of Color (University of Minnesota Press, 2017).
John Quigley is Professor Emeritus at the Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University. In 2000, along with Howard DeNike and Kenneth Robinson, he published the volume Genocide in Cambodia: Documents from the Trial of Pol Pot and Ieng Sary (Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights). He holds A.B., M.A., and LL.B. degrees from Harvard University.
Dustin N. Sharp is an Associate Professor at the Joan B. Kroc School of Peace Studies at the University of San Diego. Prior to teaching, he served as an Attorney-Advisor at the US Department of State and as a Researcher at Human Rights Watch, where he documented human rights violations and conducted advocacy in Francophone West Africa. His publications include Rethinking Transitional Justice for the TwentyFirst Century: Beyond the End of History (Cambridge University Press, 2018) and Justice and Economic Violence in Transition (Springer, 2014). He obtained a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. from Leiden University.
Sameera Uddin is a Senior Manager for Community Engagement & Partnerships at NYC Kids RISE. In her role, Sameera oversees the development and execution of parent and school networks for the Save for College Program in School District 30 in Queens with the goal of providing access to college savings accounts for every NYC public school student. Sameera holds a B.A. in Political Science from Marymount Manhattan College, and has an M.A. in Human Rights Studies from Columbia University.
Karen Zivi is an Associate Professor of Political Science in the Frederik Meijer Honors College at Grand Valley State University in Allendale, Michigan. She is the author of Making Rights Claims: A Practice of Democratic Citizenship (Oxford University Press, 2012) and her current research focuses on the performative practice of human dignity in human rights projects focused on gender and sexuality. [End Page 301]