- Election Watch
Afghanistan: The presidential election was held on September 28. The release of the results has been postponed multiple times; they will be reported in a future issue.
Algeria: The presidential election was scheduled for December 12; results will be reported in a future issue.
Argentina: In the October 27 presidential election, Peronist candidate Alberto Fernández of the new Everyone's Front coalition (running with former president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner as his vice-presidential candidate) won with 48 percent of the vote. In accordance with the constitution, he was able to avoid a runoff by winning a plurality exceeding 45 percent. He defeated incumbent Mauricio Macri of the Together for Change coalition. Elections were held concurrently for Argentina's bicameral legislature. In elections for 130 seats in the 257-seat Chamber of Deputies, Everyone's Front won 64 seats and Together for Change won 56. In elections for 24 seats in the 72-seat Senate, Everyone's Front won 13 and Together for Change won 8.
Belarus: In November 17 elections for the 110-seat House of Representatives, all seats were won by parties or independent candidates closely associated with President Alyaksandr Lukashenka. Many opposition candidates were barred from participating, and observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) criticized the elections, stating that they "demonstrated an overall lack of respect for democratic commitments." [End Page 210]
Bolivia: According to official results of the October 20 presidential election, President Evo Morales of the Movement to Socialism (MAS) won a fourth term with 47 percent of the vote, narrowly avoiding a runoff by finishing 10 percent ahead of his nearest challenger, former president Carlos Mesa of the Civic Community coalition, who won 37 percent. Early official results and independent tallies showed that Morales had not secured a sufficient margin of victory to avoid a runoff, and the release of the final tally prompted widespread protests and accusations of fraud. Observers from the Organization of American States criticized the "hard-to-explain" change in the results and called for a runoff. On November 10, Morales stepped down in response to continuing protests, and Senate president Jeanine Añes Chávez became interim president of the country. New elections have yet to be scheduled.
Botswana: In October 23 elections for the 57 elected seats in the National Assembly, the long-ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) led by President Mokgweetsi Masisi won 38 seats, the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) won 15, the Botswana Patriotic Front won 3, and the Alliance for Progressives won 1. UDC leader Duma Boko challenged the results, while African Union observers praised the election as peaceful and transparent.
Dominica: In December 6 elections for the 21 elected members of Parliament, the Dominica Labour Party of Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit won 18 seats, and the United Workers' Party won 3. Skerrit was reelected to a fifth term as prime minister. The election followed weeks of unrest and legal challenges from the opposition.
Guinea-Bissau: In the first round of the presidential election on November 24, former prime minister Domingos Simões Pereira of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde won 40 percent; former prime minister Umaro Sissoco Embaló of Madem G-15 won 28 percent; Nuno Gomes Nabiam of the Assembly of People United won 13 percent; and incumbent José Mário Vaz, running as an independent, won 12 percent. Pereira and Embaló were scheduled to compete in a second round on December 29, and the results will be reported in a future issue.
Kiribati: Parliamentary elections were scheduled to be held by December 31; results will be reported in a future issue.
Kosovo: In October 6 elections for the 120-seat Assembly of Kosovo, the Movement for Self-Determination led by Albin Kurti won 29 seats; the Democratic League of Kosovo won 28; the Democratic Party of Kosovo won 24; the 100% Kosovo coalition won 13; the Serb List won [End Page 211] 10; and smaller parties won the remaining 16 seats. EU observers called the elections transparent, but noted that in ethnic Serb areas campaigning was "marred by intimidation and lack...