Abstract

ABSTRACT:

In order to test and analyze the model of phylogenetic network of Tibeto- Burman languages, this study tried to reconstruct the phylogenetic network of Tibeto-Burman languages using the NeighborNet method. The materials in use were the 100 core cognates of 51 Tibeto-Burman languages. The network graphs showed that the evolutionary model of these languages is mainly tree-like, which shows that splitting is still the dominant mechanism of evolution and the horizontal transmission plays a significant role in the history as well. Language contact can spread deeply into the core vocabulary of other languages and may even impact the phylogenetic position of related languages.

摘要:

中国藏缅语演化网络重建与分析 高天俊华中科技大学, 武汉 摘要 为对藏缅语的演化模式进行检验和分析,本研究以 51 种藏缅语 100 核心关系词为材料,使用 NeighborNet 演化网生成方法重建了藏缅语演化网。对演化网络的分析表明:藏缅语的演化历史主要是树状的,分化仍是藏缅语历史上占主要地位的演化模式;同时,接触等横向传递模式在藏缅语中也占有不可忽视的地位。在某些语言中,接触可以深入到核心词层面,甚至对其系属地位产生影响。

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Additional Information

ISSN
2411-3484
Print ISSN
0091-3723
Pages
pp. 257-293
Launched on MUSE
2020-01-14
Open Access
No
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