The aim of this article is to highlight the efforts of the Greek Orthodox (Rum) community of Istanbul to respond to the challenges of a rapidly and radically changing sociopolitical environment during the last phase of the dissolution of the multi-religious and multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire. In this context the article will attempt to assess the impact of the nationalizing policies of the Young Turks on the institutions of the Orthodox Greeks throughout World War I by placing emphasis on the concept of structural violence. The main argument is that the marginalization of the official Rum representatives—first and foremost the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople—and the internal breakdown of the communal welfare system were the inevitable consequences of latent state political and economic violence, which combined with the adverse war circumstances played an equally destructive role with physical violence in relation to the final disintegration of Ottoman society.


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pp. 189-211
Launched on MUSE
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