Hostility to theatre as a forum for free speaking and thinking was one of the main expressions of the Communist Party dictatorship in Romania between 1948 and 1989. With the introduction of the Nationalisation Law in 1948, private theatre companies disappeared. Theatre became an instrument for communist ideals and political propaganda. A system of surveillance and manipulation involving committees which controlled texts, theatrical performances and directorial visions had a dynamic presence since the beginning. Despite this oppression, we can discover a "positive" result of the censorship represented by oases of cultural resistance. This paper explores the Communist Party effect reflected in Romanian theatre under the "auspices" of censorship (1948–1989), with a focus on the creation of the emblematic director Cătălina Buzoianu.