This is a cautionary illustration of what errors may occur when marital concepts and assessment tools based on one culture are used to explore another. The Marital Satisfaction Inventory - Revised, largely standardized on Western populations, was administered to 88 male and female middle class urban Hindus (MCUH) residing in New Delhi, India. The inventory items were modified so that the questions asked the respondents to reply in terms of their beliefs about marital relationships. Subsequent exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly demonstrated that the theoretical infrastructure of the MSI-R—its item content and sub-scales—was not at all a “good fit” for the data of these MCUH. These findings are discussed in terms of the challenges of cross-cultural social research and their shaping of all future work by the researchers. The ultimate goal is to produce a behavior actually shaped by other forces. The present study utilizes the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and discrete-time event history analysis to examine the influence of religious affiliation and attendance on ethnic remarriage differences. The findings suggest that Catholicism does not account for the lower rates of remarriage of Latinos compared to Whites and provide strong evidence for dispelling the previously untested but frequently assumed Catholic influence on ethnic differences in remarriage. Additionally, Evangelical Protestants, particularly men, appear the most likely to remarry. culturally relevant and valid Indian marital survey instrument for both clinical and academic use.


Ceci est une mise en garde illustrative des erreurs qui peuvent arriver lorsque des concepts conjugaux et des outils d’évaluation d’une culture sont utilisés afin d’en explorer une autre. L’Inventaire de Satisfaction Conjugale—Révisé (ISC-R), largement standardisé pour les populations occidentales, fut administré à 88 hommes et femmes hindous, urbains et de classe moyenne (HUCM) habitant à New Delhi, lnde. Les éléments de l’inventaire furent modifiés afin que les questions exigent des personnes interrogées qu’elles répondent du point de vue de leurs croyances au sujet de leurs relations conjugales. Des analyses factorielles exploratoires et confirmatoires à posteriori ont clairement démontré que !’infrastructure theorique de l’ISC-R—éléments de contenu et sous-échelles—ne cadrait pas bien les données de ces HUCM. Ces résultats sont examinés en termes des défis posés à la recherche sociale interculturelle, et leur façonnage de tout futur travail de ces chercheurs. Le but ultime est de produire un instrument de sondage conjugal indien, culturellement pertinent et valide, pour une utilisation clinique et académique.


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pp. 251-258
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