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83 freedom he asserted for Roman Catholics in the church. “The Apologia became a classic because Newman persuaded his audience that he could be both a Roman Catholic convert and a good Englishman.” I am not a Newman scholar but have read the Apologia several times and looked forward to read it again with profit and pleasure. More so, this new edition was not only another opportunity; being a historian’s edition proved an illuminating experience.The literary and historical value is certainly there, undiminished; and Turner’s superbly erudite and detailed historical investigation enhances it. Alvaro Silva REVIEW ESSAY JOHN HENRY NEWMAN: PLACES, ACTIVITIES, IDEAS Family Publications of Oxford, England, has published two collections of essays about Newman, his life, his activities, and his ideas. The first volume, John Henry Newman in His Time,contains fourteen essays devoted to places important to his life and his various activities. The second volume, John Henry Newman: Doctor of the Church, contains sixteen essays treating major aspects of his thought. As a whole, these two volumes of essays,written by an international group of authors,provide an extensive and interesting panorama of Newman’s life, activities, and thought. For those beginning Newman studies, there is an abundance of information that should prove helpful in studying Newman’s writings in depth;even for those already familiar with Newman, there are many insights and interpretations that make both volumes rewarding reading. As an added benefit, there are a couple dozen black and white illustrations—many familiar, but a few that are rare. Given the significance of these companion volumes, their contents are described here in detail. John Henry Newman in His Time. Edited by Philippe Lefebvre and Colin Mason. Oxford, England: Family Publications, 2007. Pp. 271. Paper, £11.95, ISBN: 978–1–871217–69–8. This collection of fourteen essays, with a Foreword by Cardinal Jean Honoré,1 is divided into two parts: the first part considers places associated with Newman: Oxford, Littlemore, Rome, Birmingham, and Dublin; the second part examines Newman’s different occupations: preacher, educator, Oratorian, letter writer, novelist, poet, confessor, convert, and doctor of conscience. The lead essay—“Newman and Oxford”—by Peter Nockles highlights the reciprocal relationship between person and place: if Oxford was religiously rejuvenated by Newman, he in turn was indelibly influenced by Oxford:“The key to Oxford’s enduring power for Newman and his later Tractarian followers lay in the BOOK REVIEWS 1 Cardinal Jean Honoré, Archbishop emeritus of Tours (France), wrote his doctoral dissertation on the spiritual theology of Newman at the Institut Catholique under the direction of Jean Daniélou, who was later named a cardinal. NEWMAN STUDIES JOURNAL 84 notion of ethos” (23). This ethos, though seemingly Platonic, was fundamentally Aristotelian:“One of the insights which theTractarians drew from Aristotle’s teaching (especially from the Nichomachean Ethics),was that mere‘head knowledge’was not enough, that ‘heart knowledge’ was a prerequisite for the cultivation of a truly catholic ethos” (26). Newman, as a tutor of Oriel College, was able to impart this ethos to a select group of talented disciples:“In fact, Newman’s very success with his pupils may have attracted jealousy” (34). When he was removed from his tutorship by the Provost of Oriel, Newman then turned his attention away from collegiate education to the moral and spiritual renewal of the Church of England—a task that occupied his life until the publication of Tract 90—whose wholesale condemnation by both Anglican bishops and many academics led to his gradual self–removal from Oxford to Littlemore. In describing “Newman and Littlemore,” Mary Birgit Dechant makes good use of his Letters and Diaries to highlight his pastoral ministry in this village of “452 residents”(49) which is located less than three miles southeast of Oxford. As part of his pastoral care as Vicar of Saint Mary’s (1828–1843), Newman was initially a commuting pastor ministering in temporary quarters; a surprisingly successful fundraiser , he soon raised money for the construction of a church that still serves the area’s Anglican community. Eventually, it was not the church that became the center of Newman’s life,but a neighboring stable converted into“a monastic...


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