- Election Watch
Afghanistan: The presidential election was scheduled for September 28; results will be reported in a future issue.
Guatemala: In the August 11 presidential runoff, Alejandro Giammattei of the new Vamos party won with 58 percent of the vote, defeating former first lady Sandra Torres of the National Unity of Hope (UNE) party. In the first round on June 16, Torres won 26 percent, Giammattei won 14 percent, Edmond Mulet of the new Humanist Party of Guatemala won 11 percent, and Thelma Cabrera of the Movement for the Liberation of Peoples won 10 percent. Voter turnout sharply declined between the first and second rounds. In concurrent elections on June 16 for the 160-seat Congress, UNE won 54 seats; Vamos 16; National Change Union 12; Valor 9; the National Convergence Front of President Jimmy Morales 8; and Bienestar Nacional 8. The remaining seats were won by smaller parties.
Madagascar: In May 27 elections for the 151-seat National Assembly, the With President Andry Rajoelina party won 84 seats, the I Love Madagascar of former president Marc Ravalomanana won 16, and the remaining 51 seats were won by smaller parties and independents.
Mauritania: In the June 22 presidential election, Mohamed Ould Ghazouani of the ruling Union for the Republic party won with 52 percent, avoiding a runoff. He defeated antislavery activist Biram Dah Abeid, who ran as an independent and won 19 percent, and Sidi Mohamed Ould Boubacar, who was backed by the moderate Islamist National Rally for Reform and Development party and won 18 percent. With incumbent president Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz stepping aside, the elections [End Page 176] led to the first peaceful transfer of power since Mauritania gained independence from France in 1960. The opposition rejected the results, and protests broke out when Ould Ghazouani declared victory, leading to the arrest of more than a hundred protesters
Nauru: Following parliamentary elections on August 24 that resulted in incumbent president Baron Waqa losing his seat in parliament, the 18-seat Parliament voted 12–6 for Lionel Aingimea as the new president over former finance minister David Adeang.
Tunisia: The presidential election was scheduled for September 15; results will be reported in a future issue.
Tuvalu: In September 9 elections for the 16-seat parliament, seven independent candidates defeated incumbents. Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga, who faced a no-confidence vote in May, was reelected to his seat.
Ukraine: In July 21 snap elections for the 450-seat Verkhovna Rada, President Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party won 254 seats. The Opposition Platform—For Life party won 43; the Fatherland party of former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko won 26; the European Solidarity party of former president Petro Poroshenko won 25; and the new Voice party of musician Svyatoslav Vakarchuk won 20. The remaining seats were won by smaller parties, and elections were suspended in 26 constituencies in Crimea, Donetsk, and Luhansk.
(October 2019–September 2020)
Argentina: presidential/legislative, 27 October 2019
Belarus: parliamentary, 17 November 2019
Bolivia: presidential/legislative, 20 October 2019
Botswana: parliamentary, 23 October 2019
Croatia: presidential, by 20 January 2020
Dominica: parliamentary, by 31 December 2019
Dominican Republic: presidential/legislative, 17 May 2020 [End Page 177]
Guyana: parliamentary, 30 May 2020
Haiti: parliamentary, 27 October 2019
Iran: parliamentary, 28 February 2020
Mauritius: parliamentary, by 31 December 2019
Mozambique: presidential/legislative, 15 October 2019
Namibia: presidential/legislative, 27 November 2019
Poland: parliamentary, 13 October 2019
Romania: presidential, 10 November 2019
Saint Kitts and Nevis: parliamentary, 28 February 2020
Slovakia: parliamentary, by 31 March 2020
Taiwan: presidential/ legislative, 11 January 2020
Tunisia: parliamentary, 6 October 2019
Uruguay: legislative, 27 October 2019
Uzbekistan: parliamentary, by 31 December 2019
Vanuatu: parliamentary, by 31 March 2020 [End Page 178]
Election Watch provides reports of recently decided and upcoming elections in developing nations and the postcommunist world. Some of the data for Election Watch come from IFES, a private, nonprofit education and research foundation that assists in monitoring, supporting, and strengthening the mechanics of the electoral process worldwide. For additional information, visit www.ifes.org.