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  • The Voice
  • Atefeh Einali (bio)

Program Notes

The Voice, for solo violin, was premiered by Jae-Won Lee on April 29, 2018, in Zutphen, the Netherlands. I have composed The Voice to raise the voices of all women like me in order to say that you are not alone.

Iranian traditional music consists of a collection of Dastgāh. Each Dastgāh includes modes, which are placed one after another in a specific order. I have always had a concern and curiosity to find chords in the arena of Iranian music in order to create an ambience with these characteristics of Iranian music. In this piece I have composed a novel musical atmosphere by utilizing new intervals from Dastgāh Segāh. The reason for selecting the Dastgāh Segāh is that it, compared to other Dastgāhs, has the most “Mojanab interval” (135–145 cents). Moreover, I tried to make a harmonic atmosphere with these intervals, which repeat as the A section throughout the piece.

The Form of the Piece

I used the harmonic texture (A), which repeats, to show the Dastgāh Segāh atmosphere. It also represents my voice and describes my feelings during these years. As a result, this piece has a rondo form. The rhythmic figures in sections B and C and the coda show the melodic structure of this Dastgāh.

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SP Sul ponticello, with the bow near the bridge
ST Sul tasto, with the bow on the fingerboard
EST Extreme sul tasto
ORD Ordinary playing position for the bow
G.P. General pause
Koron means “less than lower in pitch” in Persian traditional music, and the Koron symbol lowers a note by a quarter, that is, slightly lower than a quarter flat
Extremely rapid lengthwise displacement of the bow on the attack
Slow lengthwise displacement
Exaggerated bow pressure
Intense bow pressure
Alto sul tasto, very little bow pressure, with irregular glissando

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Atefeh Einali

atefeh einali is an active music composer and Santoor player who has performed in the UK, the Netherlands, and Iran. She was born in Tehran in 1990. Atefeh currently resides in Manchester, UK, and is pursuing her master’s degree in composition at the University of Manchester. She is a graduate of the Art University of Tehran. Her research interests include the musical possibilities of combining traditional Persian musical practices with Western contemporary musical practices, considering musical parameters such as pitch, rhythm, and timbre. She was one of the winners of the SIMF (ACIMC, Association of Iranian Contemporary Music Composers) competition in France in November 2018. Atefeh teaches Santoor and music theory at Sahba Music Academy in Manchester.



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