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s1 Supplementary materials for ‘The noun-verb distinction in established and emergent sign systems’, by Natasha Abner, Molly Flaherty, Katelyn Stangl, Marie Coppola, Diane Brentari, & Susan Goldin-Meadow. Language 95(2).230–67, 2019. s2 LANGUAGE DISTINCTION TYPE DISTINCTION DESCRIPTION American Sign Language (ASL) Repetition, Amplitude, and Manner of Movement Verbs are articulated with longer movement that may or may not be repeated and does not have a restrained or tense manner. Nouns are produced with short, restrained movements that are repeated. Nouns show a preference for object handshapes. (Supalla & Newport 1978, Brentari et al. 2015) Australian Sign Language (Auslan) Repetition and Amplitude of Movement; Mouthing Nouns are more frequently produced with repeated movements that are shorter than the movement of the associated verbs. Nouns are more frequently accompanied by mouthing of the spoken language equivalent word. (Johnston 2001) Austrian Sign Language (ÖGS) Duration of Movement; Mouthing Verbs are articulated with a longer duration than nouns. Nouns are more frequently accompanied by the mouthing of the spoken language equivalent word. (Hunger 2006) Italian Sign Language (LIS) Amplitude and Duration of Movement Verbs are articulated with a larger amplitude of movement. Verbs are articulated with a longer duration than nouns. Nouns show a preference for object handshapes. (Pizzuto & Corraza 1996, Brentari et al. 2015) Jordanian Sign Language (LIU) Repetition and Manner of Movement Nouns are reduplicated. Verbs may or may not be; nouns are articulated with a restrained manner of movement. (Hendriks 2008) Quebec Sign Language (LSQ) Mouthing Nouns are more frequently accompanied by the mouthing of the spoken language equivalent word. (Voghel 2005) Russian Sign Language (RSL) Repetition and Amplitude of Movement; Mouthing Nouns are reduplicated; verbs may or may not be. Verbs are articulated with a larger amplitude of movement. Nouns are more frequently accompanied by the mouthing of the spoken language equivalent form. (Kimmelman 2009) Sign Language of the Netherlands (NGT) Repetition of Movement Nouns are not reduplicated; verbs may or may not be. (Schreurs 2006) Turkish Sign Language (TİD) Repetition of Movement Nouns are not reduplicated; verbs may or may not be. (Kubus 2008) TABLE S1. Formational patterns that have been documented to distinguish nouns from verbs. The patterns documented in this table are not intended to be exhaustive and focus on findings from conventionalized Deaf community sign languages. s3 ITEM TARGET VIGNETTE DESCRIPTION ITERABILITY OF ASSOCIATED ACTION Glasses Practice A woman drops a pair of glasses into a trash can. N/A Glasses Practice A man drops a pair of glasses into a glass of water. N/A Glasses Practice A woman puts a blanket over a pair of glasses. N/A Nail Polish Noun A woman drops a jar of nail polish into a glass of water. Iterable Nail Polish Verb A woman paints a fingernail with nail polish. Iterable Ring Noun A man drops a ring into a glass of water. Noniterable Ring Verb A man puts on a ring. Noniterable Bucket Noun A man digs in the dirt with a bucket Iterable Bucket Noun A man drops a bucket into a trash can. Iterable Bucket Noun A bucket falls off a table. Iterable Bucket Verb A man pours water from a bucket. Iterable Bottle Noun A woman drops a bottle into a trash can. Iterable Bottle Verb A baby drinks from a bottle. Iterable Chair Noun A man puts a blanket over a chair. Noniterable Chair Verb A man sits in a chair. Noniterable Machete Noun A man drops a machete into a trash can. Iterable Machete Verb A man cuts brush with a machete. Iterable Camera Noun A man digs in the ground with a camera. Iterable Camera Noun A camera falls off a table. Iterable Camera Noun A man drops a camera into a trash can. Iterable Camera Verb A man takes a picture with a camera. Iterable Hammer Noun A woman drops a hammer into a glass of water. Iterable Hammer Verb A woman hits a wall with a hammer. Iterable Yucca Noun A man drops a yucca into a trash can. Noniterable Yucca Verb A man cuts a yucca in half. Noniterable Scissors Noun A man puts a pair of scissors into a glass of water. Iterable Scissors Noun...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1535-0665
Print ISSN
0097-8507
Launched on MUSE
2019-06-25
Open Access
Yes
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