The 1989 democracy movement and its suppression marked a watershed in China's contemporary history. The movement has influenced China's subsequent development in at least three major ways. First, it was an enlightenment movement that spread the concept of democracy far and wide. Second, it played a vital role in grooming talent for the development of China's civil society and the next wave of prodemocracy activism. Third, it laid a foundation for democratization in China's political culture and popular mindsets. At the same time, the movement's violent suppression left a legacy of fear and has led to the elevation of economic over social goals; a general attitude of defeatism; and a profound deterioration in social morality and ethics