- Empirical, Clinical, and Multicultural Applications of Individual Psychology
The lead article in this issue, "Dawn of Memories: Therapeutic Applications of an Early Recollections Interpretation Approach," by Arthur Clark, examines an early recollections interpretation approach. This process, dawn of memories, examines core themes, personality dimensions, and perceptual modalities to consider when conceptualizing early recollections. Clark highlights the importance of incorporating subjective, interpersonal, and objective empathy when eliciting such memories. His model has meaningful implications for counseling and psychotherapy and greatly enhances the systematic process of eliciting and interpreting early recollections.
The second article, by West, Miller, Cox, and Moate, is titled "Parents' Perceptions of Young Children's Social Interest Experiences." Using interpretive description and a qualitative approach, the authors identified three themes suggesting that parents perceived their children's involvement in school-organized social interest experiences as influencing their children's self-concept, their children's empathy, and the parents' and children's worldview and feeling of citizenship. This article makes a strong argument for the importance of cultivating social interest in the education system and also for fostering social interest development with children at an early age, given the benefit the parents perceive it to have for themselves and their children.
Expanding the international use of Individual Psychology, Yee's article, "Culturally Responsive Adlerian Counseling for East Asian Clients," fills a gap in the multicultural literature. Yee points out the scarce Individual Psychology literature that highlights culturally responsive counseling for East Asian clients. He articulates the values of East Asian clients and also examines the compatibility of Adlerian counseling with this population. The article includes a case study to demonstrate culturally responsive Adlerian counseling with a client from China. [End Page 349]
"A Dance of Group Members' Lifestyles: Supervision of an Adlerian Peer Group Using Early Recollections," by Harpaz, Sarig, Elder, Peiser, Leiman, Ginsburg, Kohn, Kerem, and Lavon provides a useful model for incorporating early recollections in Adlerian supervision. The authors describe their process of Adlerian supervision in a peer group setting using early recollections from both client and therapist. The authors discuss how they examine the lifestyles of both therapist and client to find meaningful insight and awareness in the therapeutic process. Transcriptions and early recollection content are provided to illustrate the process.
Another article, "Parenting Children With Severe Disabilities," by Hartshorne and Schafer, identifies Individual Psychology parenting skills for parents. Given the dearth of information on parenting skills for parents of children with severe disabilities, the authors provide useful and pragmatic strategies that incorporate the principles and philosophies articulated by Alfred Adler. They highlight five key skill areas: building communication, establishing a routine, how to discipline, getting connected with supports, and acceptance and advocacy.
The final article in the issue, by Summers and Gutierrez, "Assessing and Treating Financial Anxiety: The Counselor as a Resource Rather than Referrer," provides an Adlerian approach to assess and treat financial anxiety. The authors provide a literature review on both financial anxiety and Adlerian therapy interventions that can be used to treat this condition. The authors then include a case vignette to illustrate the application of Adlerian assessment and interventions with a client struggling with financial anxiety.
In summary, all the articles in this issue share a common theme; they provide support for the use of Individual Psychology concepts through their empirical, clinical, and multicultural focus. Each article extends Individual Psychology through thoughtful contributions to clinical practice and research efforts designed to help clients and practitioners in their various efforts. [End Page 350]