The article considers the evolution of the violent entrepreneur, who maintains order at the regional level. Taking Vadim Volkov's model as its point of departure, it looks at how society's demand for order-maintaining services has evolved, as well as how violent entrepreneurs themselves have transformed from criminal communities and regional administrations to the "power vertical." Today, as the number of enterprises and budget revenues decline, the "power vertical" has split into various structures that do not coordinate their actions. Under such conditions, the rules of the game get broken and there is increased movement toward an illegal and informal economy regulated in part by criminal entities and in part by state security agencies. After analyzing the balance of power between different violent entrepreneurs, the article concludes that the most probable candidate for monopolizing order-maintaining services is state law enforcement agencies, which are transforming from an instrument of enforcement into the principal, or the subject of power.


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pp. 51-74
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
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