The coming of sound to cinema marked one of the most significant developments in all cinema history. However, there has been only limited research into this process despite its dramatic impact on the production, exhibition, and viewing processes of films. Most of the studies on the coming of sound focus on either Hollywood or other large film-producing countries. With the aim of contributing to the area of study, this article focuses on the transition in Turkey and investigates the ways in which the Turkish film industry and local audiences responded to the coming of sound. While examining these responses, the article will cover a variety of aspects regarding the production, distribution, exhibition, and reception stages–including the installation of new sound equipment in theatres; the fortunes of cinema musicians who accompanied silent films; the language barrier erected by the talkies; the critical and popular responses to these developments; and their place in the wider context of Turkey's modernisation.