Abstract

ABSTRACT:

We employ a density discontinuity design to evaluate the deterrence effect of more severe punishments around the legal age of criminal responsibility in Brazil. Motivated by the criminology literature, we propose a novel proxy based on the inherent risk underlying criminal activities. Using violent death rates as a proxy for an individual's involvement in violent crime, we find no discernible deterrence effects. We additionally study arrest data from the country's third most populous state, Rio de Janeiro, and discuss the advantages of our proxy in light of potential underreporting biases from using criminal records.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1533-6239
Print ISSN
1529-7470
Pages
pp. 59-92
Launched on MUSE
2018-11-15
Open Access
No
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