Abstract

Abstract:

A significant number of lexical and grammatical similarities exist among three linguistic lineages of the mid-Orinoco region in Venezuela usually regarded as independent: Betoi-Jirara, an extinct isolate, the small Sáliban family, and Hod i, an isolate still actively spoken. While a genealogical connection of Sáliban and Hod i appears unfounded—the similarities here gathered are better attributed to contact than to genetic inheritance—a distant genealogical relationship between Betoi-Jirara and the Sáliban languages seems plausible, although the evidence is not conclusive. Perhaps due to the meagerness of the Betoi-Jirara corpus, the Betoi-Sáliban lexical resemblances are not particularly numerous, while several of their structural similarities seem to be mid-Orinoco regional traits or the result of contact.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1944-6527
Print ISSN
0003-5483
Pages
pp. 263-321
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-18
Open Access
No
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