Although it is important that a therapeutic approach be empirically validated as effective, the rationale and process is not without controversy. Evidence-based support is invariably empirical support for a technique; it is not support for a theoretical or philosophical overview that guides treatment choices. This puts Individual Psychology (IP, aka Adlerian theory) in a precarious position. While evidence-based support is necessary in the current culture of clinical treatment, IP is not a theoretical perspective developed to justify a therapeutic protocol; rather, it is a theoretical or philosophical overview that guides treatment decisions. As a result, we argue that the task of finding evidence-based support is challenging and can be undertaken only with the risk of misrepresenting the very approach that it is intended to validate.