Abstract

Abstract:

This article argues that part of the reason why some Middle Eastern states remain democratically challenged is the emergence, operation, and political influence of "security networks" and "deep states"—informal actors in the area of national security. The article explains what these actors are, situates them in a broad theoretical and comparative perspective, assesses their impact on democratic development, and provides examples from Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1940-3461
Print ISSN
0026-3141
Pages
pp. 447-465
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-28
Open Access
No
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