On one of the key migration trails to Europe via the Horn of Africa, thousands of Eritreans, Ethiopians, and Somalis would pass through Khartoum to hire smugglers and migrate north into Libya and then Europe. But Sudan is now home to one of the European Union's aggressive attempts to contain Africans before they can make it off the continent and onto Italian shores. The EU pressures governments in Africa and the Middle East to stem onward migration in exchange for aid, and with the continued electoral gains of far-right parties across Europe, these efforts are rapidly accelerating. Now as billions of euros flow from Europe into the Horn of Africa and other regions to stem migration and previously permeable border zones become impassable or more dangerous, the human cost plays out far from the remit of European citizens. How far is Europe willing to go to seal its borders?


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pp. 80-92
Launched on MUSE
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