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Barriers to obtaining breast cancer prevention knowledge and breast cancer screening have been noted among D/deaf women. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is described that tested a culturally and linguistically tailored breast cancer education program conducted among a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 209 D/deaf women age 40 years or older. The study focused on D/deaf women with no more than a secondary education, a population at relatively high risk for incomplete breast health knowledge and services. This population’s inadequate breast cancer knowledge and screening practices and the value of the education program were confirmed. Knowledge increased from –baseline to 12-month follow-up in the intervention group, and in some instances the control group; increased intention to get a mammogram was observed in the intervention group. Possible reasons for the few significant intervention/control group differences at 12 months were examined. Materials from the RCT are available online.