An Approach to the Cuban Institutions that Hold Documents Related to Musical Heritage
Cuban musical heritage includes a significant legacy housed in several institutions in the country. This article describes these institutions (archives, libraries, museums, research centres, and music resource and information centres) and the collections under their respective custody. The information provided about each of these institutions presents a broad spectrum from creation to current status. Likewise, emphasis is made on how each institution is organised to display or treasure their respective collections, and on the most valuable artifacts in them. The article also analyzes the processing, cataloguing, and library management systems implemented in each institution, including digitising initiatives. All these provide a higher level of access aimed at raising awareness and increasing knowledge of the Cuban musical heritage of all periods, genres, and styles.
L'héritage musical cubain contient un leg important conservé dans plusieurs institutions du pays. Cet article décrit ces institutions (archives, bibliothèques, musées, centres de recherche, de ressources et d'information) ainsi que les collections sous leurs garde respectives. Les informations sur chaque institution présentent un large spectre allant de la création à leur status actuel. L'auteur insiste sur leur organisation, leur manière de présenter les collections et de les conserver, ainsi que sur les artefacts les plus précieux. L'article analyse leur traitement, leur catalogage et les systèmes de gestion mis en oeuvre, y compris les projets de numérisation. Tout ceci tend à améliorer l'accès aux collections, dans le but de lever les consiences et d'offrir une meilleure connaissance de l'héritage musical cubain de tous âges, genres et styles.
Das kubanische Musikerbe stellt ein bedeutsames Vermächtnis dar, das verschiedene Institutionen des Landes bewahren. Dieser Artikel beschreibt die einzelnen Institutionen (Archive, Bibliotheken, Museen, Forschungs sowie Musikinformationszentren) und die Bestände, die sich in ihrer jeweiligen Obhut befinden. Die Informationen zu jeder dieser Institutionen umfassen ein breites Spektrum von der Gründung bis zur heutigen Zeit. Gleichermaßen wird Wert darauf gelegt zu beschreiben, wie die betreffenden Institutionen die Präsentation und Bewahrung ihrer Sammlung organisieren und welche die wertvollsten Teile der jeweiligen Sammlung sind. Der Artikel analysiert auch die Arbeitsabläufe inclusive Katalogisierung, das jeweils benutzte EDV-Bibliothekssystem sowie Digitalisierungsprojekte. In der Summe bietet dies einen optimierten Zugang, der eine höhere Aufmerksamkeit für und besseres Wissen über das kubanische Musikerbe aller Epochen, Genres und Stilrichtungen ermöglicht.
The first institution in Cuba which strived to compile, study, and disseminate Cuban musical heritage was the Instituto Musical de Investigaciones Folklóricas (Institute for Research on Folk Music [IMIF]), created in 1949 by Odilio Urfé González (1921–1988), together with a group of outstanding musicians. In 1963, the Instituto became the Seminar for Popular Music (SMP) and in 1989, the Resource and Information Center on Cuban Music Odilio Urfé. In 2002, this institution merged its holdings with the collections of the Museo Nacional de la Música (MNM; officially created on 9 September 1971). The MNM is the most important institution in the country dedicated to the conservation, study, and dissemination of Cuban music heritage. Its collections are housed in the Biblioteca y Archivo Odilio Urfé (Archives and Library Odilio Urfé).
Other institutions in Cuba that hold documents related to music are the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí (National Library José Martí) in Havana, the Biblioteca Elvira Cape (Elvira Cape Library) in Santiago de Cuba, the Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Música Cubana (Center for Research and Development of Cuban Music [CIDMUC]); the Museo de Música Alejandro García Caturla (Alejandro García Caturla Museum) in Remedios, and the Museo de la Música Rodrigo Prats (Museum of Music Rodrigo Prats) in Sagua la Grande, both in Villa Clara province; the Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Argeliers León (Resource and Information Center on Music Argeliers León) in Pinar del Río; the Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Rafael Inciarte (Center for Information and Documentation on Music Rafael Inciarte) in Guantánamo, and the Museo de la Música Pablo Hernández Balaguer (Museum of Music Pablo Hernández Balaguer) in Santiago de Cuba.
In addition, there are other institutions that maintain heritage collections related to music, including the archives of the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional de Cuba (National Sym -phony Orchestra), and of provincial symphony orchestras; the Banda Nacional de Con -ciertos (National Concert Band), and the music bands of the provinces; the archives of the Gran Teatro de La Habana (National Lyrical Theatre), which includes operas, operettas, zarzuelas, and other collections of the lyrical music genre. All these archives hold many manuscript music scores that are part of their repertoire. [End Page 77]
In 2004, the Instituto Cubano de la Música (Cuban Institute of Music [ICM]) drafted and approved the project Programme for the Recovery, Interpretation and Dissemination of the Cuban Musical Heritage, the implementation of which was coordinated by the National Museum of Music. The programme includes organisational, financial, and cultural actions aimed at safeguarding and recovering masterpieces of the Cuban tangible cultural heritage, as well as other Cuban tangible cultural properties held in either museums, other cultural institutions, or private collections.
The remainder of this article presents a directory of the Cuban institutions that hold documents pertaining to musical heritage. Contact information, Web site, mailing and e-mail addresses are included, as well as an overview of the important holdings of each repository.
Biblioteca y Archivo Odilio Urfé
(Archives and Library Odilio Urfé of the National Museum of Music)
Address: Obrapía no. 509/ Bernaza y Villegas, Habana Vieja, La Habana. Cuba. CP 10100. (Sede provisional).
Telephone: +53 7863-00-52 / 7861-98-46 / 78643277
The Library and Archives Odilio Urfé of the National Museum of Music holds the largest and most important document collection of Cuban music heritage of all periods and genres. These collections began around 1949 when musicologist, pianist, and orchestra conductor Odilio Urfé González founded the Institute for Research on Folk Music (IMIF), which became the Seminar of Popular Music (SMP) and later Resource and Information Center on Cuban Music Odilio Urfé. When the latter institution merged with the National Museum of Music in 1997, the collections of both institutions were also merged thus becoming the most comprehensive and important library and archives of music documents and sound recordings.
Such historic and heritage records include many different types of documents which have been grouped into four departments for better organisation and to facilitate research, namely: library, archive, music library, and photographic library. The first department documents and records material that was part of the Urfé family private collection; however, the archives have developed quickly over time thanks to donations and voluntary deposits from private collectors, musicians, intellectuals, and others associated with the institution.
Because of their value, these records are a significant part of the historic memory related to music, which includes historic documents from the past, as well as the present of the Cuban nation. This has been acknowledged by well-known Cuban and international cultural institutions and personalities, among them UNESCO, which has described the collection as a "cultural heritage that should be preserved and widely disseminated around the world".
Fifteen professionals comprise the interdisciplinary staff of the Library and Archives Odilio Urfé, and include musicologists, librarians, historians, social communicators, and specialists in socio-cultural studies and information science. The library provides consultation, loans, advisory, reference, retrospective search, and reproduction services, as well as the regular services provided by libraries and archives. [End Page 78]
The Departments and their Collections
Manuscript music scores
More than 30,000 music scores from the end of the eighteenth century to the present, including so-called concert or academic music, as well as popular music. Composers such as Esteban Salas, Juan París, Gaspar Villate, Ignacio Cervantes, Manuel Saumell, José White, Pedro Figueredo, Nicolás Ruiz Espadero, Eduardo Sánchez de Fuentes, Gaspar Agüero, José Ardévol, Hubert de Blanck, Alejandro García Caturla, Amadeo Roldán, Gonzalo Roig, Rodrigo Prats, Ernesto Lecuona, Carlos Borbolla, José Urfé, Enrique Jorrín, Miguel Matamoros, and Dámaso Pérez Prado are among the most outstanding in the collection.
Other records in the collection of the Cuban musical theatre are the manuscripts from the repertoire of the Teatro de la Alhambra (Alhambra Theatre) such as plays by Jorge Anckerman, José Mauri, and Manuel Mauri; manuscripts from the Teatro Tacón of well-known Spanish zarzuelas by Isaac Albéniz, Francisco Asenjo Barbieri, Tomás Bretón, and Ruperto Chapí; as well as Italian and French operas. Most of these collections include manuscript librettos that go with the music.
Published music scores
A collection of more than 20,000 items of first editions published in Cuba from the nineteenth century to the present. These include a wide range of genres and, because not all the original manuscripts have been preserved, they are the only written reference to the musical works.
The lyrical works collection of the Teatro Tacón (Tacón Theatre) includes both music scores and librettos published by Spanish and Italian publishers, for example F. Fiscowich, Arregui y Aruej, Casa Zozaya, Ricordi, Francesco Lucca, among others.
Private collections, Collections of music groups, Collections from institutions and societies
The archive houses approximately 135 collections of documents of personalities, groups, institutions, and societies of the music world. Each collection, in turn, is made up of letters, manuscripts, handwritten notes, concert programs, photographs, music scores, certificates, diplomas, medals, regulations, teaching materials, and methods.
The private collections are, as the name indicates, collections compiled by well-known musicians, teachers, orchestra conductors, composers, or by their relatives and friends that were donated to the museum. Each collection is different from the other and is unique in its characteristics as they are usually dedicated to an artist or institution. Some of the most important are the collections of Gaspar Agüero, Jorge Anckermann, Ernesto Lecuona, Rita Montaner, Carlo Borbolla, María Muñóz de Quevedo, Odilio Urfé, Gonzalo Roig, Hubert de Blanck, Aniceto Díaz, Nilo Rodríguez, Hilario González, and María Antonieta Henríquez (these last two, founders of the Museo Nacional de la Música).
The collections of institutions are the historic memory of outstanding national, provincial, and municipal institutions related to music (theatres, museums, clubs), and the teaching of music (conservatoires, confederations, colleges, schools). Some examples are the collections of the Conservatorio Internacional María Jones de Castro, the Conservatorio Benjamín Orbón, the School for Music Teachers, and the Club de Arte Musical de Santa Clara.
The collections of music groups are documents related to famous Cuban music bands such as Riverside, Los Caciques, Filarmónica, Casino, and Palmas y Cañas. Other music groups in this collection are the Banda de Música del Distrito Central de La Habana and [End Page 79] La Banda Municipal de la Habana, conducted by maestros Guillermo Tomás and Gonzalo Roig, respectively.
The collections of societies are very important because they document cultural societies and associations such as the Sociedad Dominicis-Mariani, the Sociedad Infantil de Bellas Artes (SIBA), the Sociedad Coral de la Habana, and the Sociedad de Música Contemporánea, among others. Outstanding and famous artists (professional and amateur) were members of these societies, and promoters of various trends in music.
This is one of the most complete and comprehensive photographic collections related to music in Cuba, which includes photographs dating from the beginning of the twentieth century. Approximately 38,000 printed photographs are held, many of them originals of Cuban musicians, but also foreign musicians who performed in Cuba or had connections to Cuban culture. The collection also holds thousands of digital photographs from festivals, colloquiums, events, and concerts.
This collection is a unique source of information for researchers and scholars, and also an important iconographic source for books, periodicals, phonographs covers, and catalogues of Cuban music published both in Cuba and abroad.
The library includes a collection of books, booklets, and periodicals on Cuban music from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present, as well as texts on music from around the world. Worth mentioning is the collection of Cuban periodicals, which includes such titles as Pro Arte Musical, Musicalia, Cuba Musical, Clave, and also foreign publications.
The registry of clips is a collection of clippings from Cuban newspapers and periodicals. More than 1,300 files on personalities, institutions, events, and music have been compiled.
The library also holds programmes of concerts and exhibitions, classified by the institution sponsoring the event, and arranged in chronological order. This collection includes more than 10,000 items covering music-related events in Cuba from the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries.
The phonographic library compiles information on music styles and genres from Cuba, the United States, Ibero-America, and other countries. It contains commercial recordings of the various genres, as well as non-commercial recordings, many of them made directly during interviews of personalities, or in improvised performances.
Such recordings include almost all types of medium generated by the recording industry throughout its history (gramophones [78, 81, and 91 rpm], vinyl records [33, 45, and 78 rpm], punched rolls for pianolas, wire, cylinders, cassettes, magnetic sound tapes, aluminum plates, perforated metal plates, punched cardboard sheets for organ, and compact discs).
One peculiarity is that many of the pianola rolls, gramophone discs, and cylinders were never migrated to the next, more "modern" type of recording format, thereby making these items invaluable.
Processing, cataloguing, and management systems for the access to the collections
All the collections are systematically processed, because the documentary collections in the library and archives increase constantly. We have implemented cataloguing systems [End Page 80] for each collection, using the common description and content catalogue cards. The management system facilitates the introduction of information in the database for each collection, which provides for more efficient access to the collections. We have used the international standards for information processing (RISM, ISAD-G, IASA), as well as Cuban standards. For each collection, thorough studies were carried out on the characteristics of the collection to include all the bibliographical information.
The digital era
Digitisation of documents and sound recordings provide better access to the collections. Therefore, our institution is systematically digitising all the collections of manuscript music scores, photographs, private collections, as well as collections belonging to institutions, groups, and societies. We are currently using an Epson (DS-70000 J321A) scanner and two Canon (EOS 5D and EOS 60D) photographic cameras. Docu ments are digitised and migrated to either medium according to their physical characteristics.
The collections of 33, 45, and 78 rpm phonograph records (acetate and vinyl), are digitised using an OKKI NOKKI disc cleaning machine and a STANTON (T.92 USB) turntable. Some pianola rolls have been digitised using software, though we need a special machine for this type of record to obtain better sound quality.
For the digitisation of music scores we use Finale software, which facilitates access for study and research, as well as the dissemination of the music, as it can be played. Many of the newly digitised records have been published by Ediciones Museo de la Música, our publishing house, and in new phonograms produced in association with Cuban recording houses.
Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí
(National Library of Cuba José Martí)
Address: Avenida Independencia y 20 de mayo, Plaza de la Revolución, La Habana. Cuba. Apartado postal 6670.
Telephone: +53 7855-54-42/49
Web site: http://www.bnjm.cult.cu
Online catalogue: bdigital.bnjm.cu
The National Library of Cuba José Martí holds significant collections of music documents in several mediums corresponding to various periods. Among the most important collections are:
Approximately 2,000 items including books, some manuscripts, and very valuable incunabula. The collection contains texts from the sixteenth century to the first half of the twentieth century; therefore it provides a comprehensive overview of the history of music, as well as materials used in teaching.
This was the private collection of lawyer Frank García-Montes. It is comprised of a collection of operas in cylinders, 33, and 78 rpm records from the end of the nineteenth century to the first half of the twentieth century. It also contains photographs, programmes, and other documents that pertain to lyrical music.
Collection Alberto Muguercia
This collection includes more than 1,000 magnetic tapes of interviews of artists and scholars conducted by musicologist Alberto Muguercia. It also holds information records or dossiers, newspaper clippings, photographs, and other paper records on well-known personalities in Cuban music. [End Page 81]
Manuscript music scores
The collection includes manuscripts by composers from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries such as Nicolás Ruiz Espadero, Gaspar Villate, Alejandro García Caturla, Ernesto Lecuona, Carlo Borbolla, Adolfo Guzmán, and Leo Brouwer, among others.
Published music scores
This collection consists of a large number of music scores by Cuban and foreign composers (some of them Latin American) published from the nineteenth century to the present. Outstanding publishers of music such as Anselmo López and Edelmann are included in this collection.
Collection of commercial recordings
The collection contains twentieth century recordings of Cuban and foreign repertoires, issued by the most representative publishers, including Panart, Gema, Kubaney, Duarte, Puchito, and Sonoro.
Collection of programmes
This collection consists of a large number of programmes of performances and concerts in Cuban and also foreign institutions from the end of the nineteenth century to the present, and is very valuable for researchers and scholars.
As part of the policy to preserve the collections and facilitate better access to them the library is implementing a cooperative project with the Institut des Hautes Etudes de l'Amérique Latine (Higher Institute for Studies on Latin America [IHEAL]), the Biblio -théque national de France (National Library of France [BnF]), and the company Empresa Azul, training the staff in digitisation of phonograph record techniques to carry out the project.
Biblioteca Elvira Cape
(Library Elvira Cape)
Address: Heredia no. 259, Calle San Félix y Carnicería, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba. CP 90100.
Telephone: +53 065-48-36
Web site: http://www.bib.elviracape.cultstgo.cu
This is the second largest library in the country and was created in 1899 in Santiago de Cuba by an initiative of Emilio Bacardí Moreau and other outstanding cultural figures. Its holdings include a significant collection related with music, among them a collection of manuscripts by Cuban composer Esteban Salas, as well as other outstanding composers like Ramón Figueroa Morales, Antonio Figueroa Jiménez, Laureano Fuentes Matons, Enrique Bueno Formell, and Alfredo Bruck Galo.
Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Música Cubana
(Center for the Research and Development of Cuban Music [CIDMUC])
Address: Calle G no. 505/ 21 y 23, Vedado, La Habana. Cuba. CP 10400
Telephone: +53 7830-80-15
CIDMUC is a research institution founded in 1978 under the auspices of the Cuban Institute of Music of the Ministry of Culture. Its main objective is the research and dissemination of Cuban music through an interdisciplinary approach. Its library and archives contains many types of records which are the result of research projects sponsored by the institution: books, booklets, dissertations, research reports, field research diaries, music scores, maps, periodicals, catalogues, photographs, and negatives. There are also vinyl records, magnetic tapes, cassettes and compact discs. [End Page 82]
CIDMUC's work in the preservation of and access to its collections has been remarkable, working consistently on the management and cataloguing of its collections and implementing a system that facilitates the introduction of new information in its databases. CIDMUC has also digitised documents, photographs, and recordings, and has contributed to the preservation of interviews and other in situ recordings as well as providing access to such records. One of the texts published as a result of these projects is the Atlas de los instrumentos de la música folklórico popular cubana (Victoria Eli Rodríguez. [La Habana, Cuba: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Música Cubana, 1997]). Digital records appear in the Colección D'Campo, published by Ediciones CIDMUC, its own publishing house.
Museo de Música Alejandro García Caturla
(Alejandro García Caturla Museum)
Address: Calle Camilo Cienfuegos no. 5/ Montalván y Alejandro del Río, Remedios, Villa Clara. Cuba. CP 52700.
Telephone: +53 042-39-68-51
This museum is in the municipality of Remedios in the province of Villa Clara. The museum was founded in 1975, and is located in the house where composer (and lawyer) Alejandro García Caturla was born. It preserves various types of collections related to Caturla and other outstanding local, national, and international personalities in music.
Worth mentioning is the collection of music scores of Cuban and international works that have become emblematic. The photograph collection is also important and portrays many outstanding personalities of Cuban and local culture. However, the most important collection is the correspondence (letters) of Alejandro García Caturla, and other files related to his work as lawyer and magistrate.
Museo de la Música Rodrigo Prats
(Museum of Music Rodrigo Prats)
Address: Calle Solís no. 170/ Martí y Maceo, Sagua la Grande, Villa Clara. Cuba. CP 52300
Telephone: +53 042-66-45-94
Founded 8 December 1992 in Sagua la Grande, Villa Clara, this institution holds significant materials dedicated to local musical heritage and an important document collection. The collection of manuscripts includes works by local musicians of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, for example Oriol Costa Sureda, Ramón Solís Fernández, Jaime Prats, Rodrigo Prats, Pedro Guida, Concepción Rodríguez, Enrique González Mántici, and others. The photographic collection includes more than 400 printed photographs of local musicians and bands, among them Antonio Machín and Rodrigo Prats. The phonographic collection includes some 450 records, among them commercial recordings on acetate and vinyl discs, as well as a collection of recordings from 1932 of the local radio station CMHA. There are also paper documents, for example diplomas, letters, manuscripts, notes, invitations, programmes, and others that belonged to local musicians.
Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Argeliers León
(Resource and Information Center on Music Argeliers León)
Address: José Martí no. 62/ Calle Nueva y Comandante Pinares, Pinar del Río. Cuba. CP 20100.
E-mail: email@example.com [End Page 83]
Telephone: +53 048-77-10-41
This institution, founded in 1999, was named for musicologist and composer Argeliers León, and is located in the province of Pinar del Río. Its main objectives are the preservation, study, and publication of the musical heritage of the province and of the nation. Its collections include musical instruments and other objects that belonged to well-known musicians. Mention should be made of the:
Private personal collections
These include several paper-based materials, such as music scores, diplomas, original photographs, diaries, letters, personal, and official documents, as well as many personal objects and clothes that belonged to outstanding personalities of music in Cuba and Pinar del Río. The Center also holds significant collections related to Rita Montaner, Francisco Valdés González, Jacobo González Rubalcaba, Pedro Junco, and Polo Montañéz.
This is a collection of the repertoire of the Rius Rivera Regiment Band with some 1,000 works dating from the end of the nineteenth century, as well as works for orchestra from the collection of the Lyrical Theater of Pinar del Río, and other significant collections of manuscript and printed music scores by international and Cuban authors (mostly from Pinar del Río).
This is an important collection of commercial recordings, mostly of Cuban music that include pianola rolls, plated, acetate, and vinyl records of 33, 45, and 78 rpm as well as compact discs. Highly valuable is the cassettes collection of interviews of music personalities in Pinar del Río, such as María Matilde Alea, Antonio Sánchez, Aldo del Río, and Norman Milanés.
Likewise valuable are the collections of photographs, books and booklets, magazines, and other periodicals and programmes. All the collections are inventoried and cataloguing is almost complete. The institution has also implemented a system for the management of information in databases taking into account the types of mediums in them.
Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Rafael Inciarte
(Center for Information and Documentation on Music Rafael Inciarte)
Address: Donato Mármol no. 452/ Martí y Máximo Gómez, Guantánamo. Cuba. CP 95100.
Telephone: +53 021-35-18-47
This institution was founded in 1999 in the province of Guantánamo and named in tribute to musician, professor, and researcher Rafael Inciarte. Its highly valuable collections include the Rafael Inciarte Brioso papers and many other records and documents donated by other musicians or their families. Notable among these are:
More than 3,000 works are held, most of them in manuscript, and composed by local musicians like Rafael Inciarte Ruiz (Captain and Director of General José Maceo's Staff Music Band), Rafael Inciarte Brioso, Luis Griñán Martínez Lilí, José Gallart Pepe, Pedro Caverdós, Angelina Quert, among others.
Including most of the correspondence of Rafael Inciarte Brioso with other important musicians and personalities of Cuban culture, such as Samuel Feijóo, Gonzalo Roig, Electo Rosell Chepín, Odilio Urfé, and Martha Jean Claude. Notable are the Campaign Diary of Rafael Inciarte Ruíz, diplomas, and minutes of the Artistic Cultural Center Mariana Grajales. [End Page 84]
This collection includes several different formats, such as 33 and 45 rpm vinyl records of Cuban music produced by recording companies Panart, Gema, and RCA Victor. There are also cassette recordings, some of them with commercial value and other in situ recordings (interviews, traditional Cuban music recorded at random). There are some videotape cassettes of audiovisual works in which the institution has participated or produced in collaboration with other organisations such as the TV programme, Memoria en el tiempo. There are also compact discs produced by Cuban and foreign recording companies.
The Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Rafael Inciarte has inventoried all of its collections to provide better access, and has also created specialised catalogues. The Center is preparing a system for the management of information using the databases already created.
Museo de la Música Pablo Hernández Balaguer
(Museum of Music Pablo Hernández Balaguer)
Address: Avenida Manduley no. 155/ 5 y 7, Reparto Vista Alegre, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba. CP 90100.
Telephone: +53 022-66-70-83
This Museum was founded in 2015 in Santiago de Cuba, and aims at safeguarding and disseminating the music cultural heritage of the eastern region of the country. Some of its most important holdings include manuscript scores by Esteban Salas, Laureano Fuentes, Ramón Figueroa Morales, Rodolfo Hernández Soleliac, Electo Silva, and Roberto Valera, several of which are autographed by the composer. There is also an important collection of printed scores by local, national, and foreign composers. The institution also preserves a collection under the heading "Research Projects" of theses and other research projects about personalities, genres, and styles in the world of music at the local, national, and international levels.
There are also collections of books, booklets, magazines and other periodicals, as well as other documents related to musicians, bands, and institutions of music in the province, mostly paper-based records, such as diplomas, photographs, letters, and posters. [End Page 85]
Yohana Ortega Hernández is a musicologist and since 2010, head of the Biblioteca y Archivo Odilio Urfé at the Museo Nacional de la Música in Havana, Cuba. She also teaches counterpoint classes at the Conservatorio Provincial de Música Carlos Hidalgo. Previously, she worked as a specialist in the Department of Musicology at the Centro de Información y Documentación Musical Argeliers León in Pinar del Río and has taught classes on the history of music and on Cuban music.