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  • Election Watch

ELECTION RESULTS (March-June 1998)

Armenia: In first-round presidential voting on March 16, independent candidate Robert Kocharian led with 38.8 percent of the vote, followed by Karen Demirchian of the Civil Initiative with 30.7 percent, Vazgen Manukian of the National Democratic Union with 12.2 percent, and Sergey Badalian of the Communist Party with 11 percent. In the March 30 runoff, Kocharian emerged with 59.5 percent of the vote, defeating Demirchian, who won 40.5 percent. The voting was marred by irregu-larities and charges of fraud.

Colombia: Final results from presidential elections held on May 31 showed Horacio Serpa of the Liberal Party with 34.37 percent of the vote, Andrés Pastrana of the Conservative Party with 33.97 percent, and independent Noemi Sanin with 26.5 percent. As no candidate won more than 50 percent of the vote, a runoff was scheduled for June 21. Final results will appear in a future issue. According to preliminary results from March 8 legislative elections, which took place amid threats of guerrilla violence and allegations of vote-buying, the ruling Liberal Party won a slim majority in both houses, taking 55.9 percent of votes for the Senate and 54 percent of votes for the House of Representatives. The Conservative Party came in second with 24.5 percent of votes for the Senate and 27 percent of votes for the House of Representatives.

Czech Republic: Parliamentary elections were scheduled for June 19-20. Results will be published in a future issue.

Dominican Republic: According to preliminary results from May 16 legislative elections, the Dominican Revolutionary Party, whose leader José Francisco Pe~na Gómez had died the week before, won 24 of 30 Senate seats and 83 of 149 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The Dominican Liberation Party of President Leonel Fernandez won 4 Senate seats and 49 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, while the Social Christian Reformist Party won 2 Senate seats and 17 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

Ecuador: In first-round presidential balloting on May 31, Jamil Mahuad finished first with 35.2 percent of votes; Alvaro Noboa second with 26.5 percent; Rodrigo Borja third with 15.6 percent; and Freddy Ehlers fourth with 14.3 percent. As no candidate won more than 50 percent of the vote, a runoff was scheduled for July 12. Final results will be published in a future issue. Results from concurrent elections for the 121-seat National Congress will also be published in a future issue.

Hong Kong: In May 24 elections for the Legislative Council, Martin Lee's Democratic Party and its allies swept the popular vote but won only 20 of the Council's 60 seats, thanks to restrictive electoral rules introduced to ensure the pro-Beijing makeup of the legislature. Thirty members were elected by occupation-based "functional constituencies," 20 were popularly elected by proportional representation, and 10 were chosen by an 800-member election committee. Voter turnout was 53 percent, up from 35 percent in 1995.

Hungary: In two rounds of voting for the unicameral 386-seat National Assembly on May 10 and 24, Viktor Orban's Federation of Young Democrats-Hungarian Civic Party won 148 seats; the Hungarian Socialist Party, led by Gyula Horn, won 134 seats; the Independent Smallholders Party won 48; the Alliance of Free Democrats won 24; the Hungarian Democratic Forum won 17; the Hungarian Truth and Life Party won 14, and an independent won the remaining seat.

India: For final results of February-March balloting for the 545-seat Lok Sabha, see the article by Atul Kohli on pp. 7-20 above.

Lesotho: On May 23, the ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy won all but two seats in the 80-member National Assembly. The Basotho National Party won one seat outright; the remaining seat was unfilled at the time of this writing. Despite charges of election fraud by opposition supporters, international monitors declared the elections fair and "acceptable according to international standards."

Madagascar: Elections for 150 seats in the National Assembly took place on May 17. Final results will be published in a future issue.

Moldova: In March 22 elections for 101...

Additional Information

ISSN
1086-3214
Print ISSN
1045-5736
Launched on MUSE
2018-06-19
Open Access
No
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