- Election Watch
ELECTION RESULTS (September-December 1996)
Armenia: In September 22 presidential voting, the Central Election Commission reported that incumbent Levon Ter-Petrosian of the Republic Bloc coalition beat Vasken Manukian of the National Democratic Union of Armenia, 52 to 42 percent. International observers reported many irregularities in the voting, which was followed by unrest.
Bosnia-Herzegovina: Alija Izetbegovic won a plurality in the September 14 elections to serve the first two-year term as chairman of the republic's presidential triumvirate. Izetbegovic received 724,733 votes to defeat Momcilo Krajisnik, the candidate of the Serb Democratic Party, who received 698,891 votes, and the leading Croatian candidate, Kresimir Zubak, who mustered 297,976 votes. In the 42-seat House of Representatives, in which 28 seats are reserved for the Muslim-Croat federation and 14 for the Serbs, the predominantly Muslim Party for Democratic Action won 19 seats, Krajisnik's Serb Democratic Party took 9 seats, and the Croatian Democratic Union won 8 seats. Irregularities were reported amid suspiciously high turnout.
Bulgaria: In a November 3 presidential runoff, Peter Stoyanov of the Union of Democratic Forces defeated Ivan Marazov of the ruling Socialist Party, 59.7 to 40.3 percent. In the September 26 first round, Stoyanov led Marazov 44 to 27 percent.
Czech Republic: In two rounds of voting for the newly created 81-seat Senate, a coalition comprising the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) of Prime Minister Václav Klaus, the Civic Democratic Alliance, and the Christian Democratic Union-Czech People's Party received a total of 52 seats. The opposition Social Democratic Party took 25 seats.
Gabon: Two-stage parliamentary elections were set for December 15 and 29. Results will appear in a future issue.
Gambia: Yahya Jammeh of the Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction, who led a July 1994 military coup, won the presidential election on September 26. Jammeh defeated Ousainou Darboe of the United Democratic Party, 56 to 36 percent. Legislative elections were set for January 2; results will be reported in a future issue.
Ghana: In presidential voting on December 7, incumbent Jerry Rawlings of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) beat John Kufuor of the opposition Great Alliance, 57.2 to 39.9 percent. In parliamentary voting, the NDC won 130 seats to the opposition's 65 seats. Turnout was 77 percent, and the voting was generally considered free and fair.
Kuwait: In restricted-franchise, male-only elections for the National Assembly held on October 8, progovernment forces captured 18 of the 50 seats, an increase of 4 seats over the 1992 elections. The Muslim Brotherhood and Salafi groups received 8 seats each, and the tribalists 7 seats. Kuwait has no political parties, so all designations are according to tendency and not affiliation. The elections were accompanied by demonstrations and a strike protesting the restricted suffrage.
Lebanon: Five-stage, five-region voting ended September 15. Balloting was by lists according to religion rather than party, with the 128-seat parliament split evenly between Christian and Muslim seats. Maronite Christians were allocated 34 seats, followed by Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims with 27 seats each. The Hezbollah won 7 of the Shi'ite seats. The voting was generally not considered fair and transparent.
Lithuania: In proportional elections on October 20 and first-past-the-post voting on November 10, the Homeland Union party of former president Vytautas Landsbergis won 70 seats in the 141-seat Seimas, Lithuania's parliament. The Christian Democrats won 16 seats, allowing the formation of an 86-seat majority coalition. The ex-communist Democratic Labor Party, which won a majority in 1992, mustered just 12 seats.
Madagascar: A presidential election was held November 3, after the impeachment last July of incumbent Albert Zafy. Didier Ratsiraka, Zafy's predecessor, bested him by 36 to 23 percent. A runoff is set for early 1997. The results will be reported in a future issue.
Mauritania: The ruling Democratic and Social Republican Party of President Ould Taya won 70 seats in parliament in the October 11-18 elections. Independents carried 7 seats, and the only opposition party, Action for Change, won one seat. The elections were boycotted by the the opposition Union of Democratic Forces...