School-Based Interprofessional Asthma Self-Management Education Program for Middle School Students:A Feasibility Trial
What Is the Problem?
• Asthma is the number one chronic illness of school children in Alabama.
• There are health disparities in asthma burden among minority and middle adolescent populations.
• Asthma is a major cause of morbidity, loss of school days, and increased hospitalizations resulting in increased health care expenditures.
• Asthma self-management is essential to proper healthcare of this chronic condition.
• Middle school students are at a pivotal age for taking on more responsibility for self-care.
What Are the Findings?
• A school-based asthma self-management program is feasible and builds on adolescent transitions.
• Nonclinical community-based partnerships are effective in improving health and reducing health disparities by addressing social, behavioral, environmental, and medical determinants of health.
• Teen participants improved with a decrease in asthma symptoms, and an increase in asthma control, medication knowledge/skills, self-efficacy, and asthma responsibility.
• Teens were empowered to take on responsibility for self-management.
Who Should Care Most?
• Children, parents, youth, and adults with asthma.
• School nurses, healthcare providers, teachers, and school administrators.
• State and local health policy advocates concerned about health and health care costs.
• Academics and clinicians interested in promoting health and working collaboratively to improve asthma care.
Recommendations for Action
• Continue to engage with communities including schools, workplaces, and neighborhoods, to provide access to asthma self-management education.
• Continue to involve interprofessional teams in care to support best practices in a health care area that involves multiple disciplines (nursing, respiratory therapy, medicine, and others). [End Page 9]
USA Children's and Women's Hospital