Something very strange is happening with secularism and religious liberty today. Instead of being used to protect minorities' freedom to practice their beliefs and curtail government meddling in religious matters, these ideals have morphed into tools of exclusion. A new wave of left-leaning argues that state-directed secularism or religious freedom almost always breeds this result of injustice. The problem, they argue, is the state, specifically the universalizing of inherently Protestant ideas about religion and the secular. But what about this intellectual tradition's serious baggage? It was originally developed two centuries ago by archconservative Catholics, who used it in their attacks against the French Revolution and its ideals of legal equality and democracy. Alternatively, can't we achieve tolerance and inclusion, not by rejecting these rights and norms outright, but by reforming them to defend a more robust form of pluralism?


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pp. 106-113
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