En este artículo se propone pensar históricamente la constitución y dinámica del campo semántico de lo que hoy se considera populismo. Ofrece en primer lugar una reflexión acerca del campo semántico de la demagogia en la España del siglo XIX, que identificaba a una plebe excluida que solo podía ser representada normalmente por líderes radicales y cuya lucha por la inclusión solía abrir procesos constituyentes. En contraste, la segunda parte del texto plantea que la España democrática hereda del siglo XX un poderoso imaginario mesocrático que dificulta enormemente la identificación de una plebe excluida, e impone límites a un proyecto de transformación constituyente en clave populista.


This article proposes an historical approach to the constitution and dynamics of the semantic field of what we refer to today as populism. It offers first a reflection on the semantic field of demagogy in the 19th century, which identified an excluded plebs that could only be represented normally by radical leaders, and the struggle for inclusion, which usually brought about constituent processes. By contrast, the second part of the text argues that democracy in Spain inherits from the 20th century a powerful mesocratic imaginary that makes it very difficult to identify an excluded plebs, imposing limits to any project of constituent transformation in populist terms.


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pp. 137-158
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