Abstract

Resumen:

Este ensayo aborda algunas cuestiones históricas y teóricas que sirven de introducción al número especial dedicado al populismo ibérico. En primer lugar, se discute la función del pueblo en el populismo, así como su inevitable rol fundante y desestabilizador para las democracias liberales. Más que desestimar el pueblo de manera voluntarista, el pueblo debe ser asumido como un momento inquietante y recurrente del devenir democrático. En segundo lugar, se analizan las razones del rechazo (neo)liberal del populismo, señalando su legítima preocupación por los criterios procedimentalistas de los sistemas representativos. El populismo violenta dicho modelo de representación, pero lo hace justamente cuando este degenera en plena crisis económica e institucional. En tercer lugar, este ensayo explica las diferencias entre populismo horizontal y vertical, y dilucida el papel de la cultura popular en estos dos tipos de populismo y en la forma en la que articulan nuevas subjetividades dentro y contra sociedades de mercado individualistas, atomizadoras e hiper-consumistas.

Abstract:

This essay tackles some theoretical and historical issues that inform the introduction to this special issue on Iberian populism. First, we discuss the function that the concept of "people" plays within populism, as well as its inevitable founding and destabilizing role in modern liberal democracies. The "people" should not be disregarded as a political fantasy in a voluntarist and wishful fashion. Rather, we need to confront it as a recurrent and disturbing moment in the development of any democratic system. Second, we analyze the reasons for which neo(liberalism) rejects populism and we consider its legitimate concerns with representative democracies' proceduralist criteria. For sure, populism shakes this model of representation, but it does it precisely when this model degenerates after a profound economic and institutional crisis (the so-called Great Recession). Third, this article explains the differences between horizontal and vertical populism; and it addresses the decisive role that popular culture plays in these two types of populism and their re-articulation of new (collaborative and militant) subjectivities against the atomizing and hyper-consumerist dynamics of turbo-capitalist societies.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1934-9009
Print ISSN
1096-2492
Pages
pp. 105-135
Launched on MUSE
2018-05-03
Open Access
No
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