This special issue of Journal of the Southwest is dedicated to Agnese Nelms Haury. She was an avid traveler, humanitarian, philanthropist, avocational anthropologist, and friend.
In Article 1, David A. Yetman takes us along as he and Agnese Haury make a trip through South America. Aggie was a fan of David's long-running television series In the Americas and The Desert Speaks, which he hosted for many seasons, and she was an inveterate traveler.
In Article 2, Gary Paul Nabhan recounts Aggie's love of the desert. She supported a number of desert researchers, including David and Gary, as well as launching or sponsoring a number programs and projects at the Southwest Center, the Agnese N. Haury Institute of Court Interpretation, the Center for the United States and the Cold War, the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, and the Agnese and Emil Haury Southwest Native Nations Pottery Vault at the Arizona State Museum.
Then we shift our focus to one of the most enigmatic groups of Southwest American Indians: the Hia-Ced O'odham. Never numbering more than several hundred, they lived modestly in the extremely arid low Sonoran Desert of far southwestern Arizona and northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Some researchers even thought they had faded into history, dying out or being absorbed by other cultures. Robert Hackenberg wrote, "They failed to survive the nineteenth century,"1 and Bernard Fontana reported, "The [Sand Papago] nomads of western Pimería Alta no longer exist as cultural entities."2 But the persistence of people claiming to be Hia-Ced O'odham plus increased research into their history, such as David Martinez's 2013 article "Hiding in the Shadows of History: Revitalizing Hia-Ced O'odham Peoplehood,"3 in this journal, have brought them renewed attention with calls for recognition of their identity and for appreciation of their culture and history.
To that end, we here offer fresh material about the Hia-Ced O'odham,4 [End Page 396] once known as People from the Sand or Sand Papago. In Article 3 we present, for the first time, letters written by Thomas Childs Jr. to avocational archaeologist Norton Allen. At age 14 Childs had met and then traveled with Hia-Ced O'odham throughout their territory, and he later married one of them and remained part of her larger family until his death in 1951. We also discuss, in Article 4, Childs's correspondence with historian Richard Van Valkenburgh and anthropologist Henry F. Dobyns.
In Article 5 we offer a view of Hia-Ced O'odham homelands through David Burckhalter's photographs and Paul Mirocha's map of places they lived, found water, farmed and hunted, traveled, and conducted ceremonies.
One of Childs's daughters, Fillman Childs Bell, interviewed a number of Hia-Ced O'odham as part of a study of Quitobaquito Springs Cemetery in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. Those interviews were included in an unpublished National Park Service report, but they are important in understanding the Indians' himdag (lifeways), geography, and personalities, so we publicly present them here in Article 6.
Article 7 features family photographs of Hia-Ced who were descendants of those who had lived at Quitobaquito or were mentioned in Fillman Bell's Quitobaquito report.
We also ask the question "Who were Tom Childs and Fillman Bell?" and in Article 8 present an answer largely in Fillman's own words and those of her husband, Oscar Bell.
In Article 9 we offer an adaptation from Harry Winters Jr.'s remarkable compendium of O'odham place names, written with his lifelong enthusiasm for O'odham geography and people.5 His research illuminates rich layers of meaning and history in those names, including the Hia-Ced O'odham.
Then, in Article 10, archivist Lisa Duncan gives you an insider's account of organizing a major collection of American Indian information gathered and donated to the University of Arizona Libraries' Special Collections by anthropologist Henry F. Dobyns. Comprising over 500 boxes of papers, correspondence, and reports, it required two years to sort, organize, and catalog into a usable collection. It contains Dobyns's correspondence with both Thomas Childs and Fillman Bell...