Abstract

Abstract:

This paper offers a comparative analysis of the phenomenon of child-soldiering on the Eastern Front in both World Wars. It shows that children's participation in the hostilities was fairly extensive, but it would be incorrect to classify them all as victims. Indeed, many willingly took up arms for various reasons, not least because of ideological influences, although their use was always subordinated to military objectives. As well as revealing their combat motivations, the paper also discusses the paths the children took in order to get to the front, the routines of their life on the frontline and the ways they were used for military purposes.

Abstract:

Cet article offre une analyse comparative du phénomène des enfants-soldats sur le front oriental des deux guerres mondiales. Il tend à démontrer que la participation d'enfants aux hostilités était relativement importante mais qu'il serait erroné de les qualifier de victimes. En effet, nombre d'entre eux prirent les armes de manière volontaire pour diverses raisons, notamment d'ordre idéologique, bien que leur utilisation fût limitée aux objectifs militaires. Tout en révélant leurs motivations à prendre part au combat, cet article s'intéresse aux divers chemins que les enfants empruntaient pour arriver au front, leurs vies quotidiennes sur la ligne de front et leur utilisation à des fins militaires.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1961-8646
Print ISSN
0027-2671
Pages
pp. 49-66
Launched on MUSE
2018-04-05
Open Access
No
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