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In their work on the black-market economy in the 21st century, Gilman, Goldhammer, and Weber explore the topic of “deviant globalization,” which analyzes the dark side of global trade. Their description includes the illicit flows, black markets, and trafficking in drugs and human bodies that are as much a part of the new world disorder as multinational corporations and instant financial transfers. This article will look at one specific element of deviant globalization: the diaspora flows resulting from the collapse of a transnational insurgent organization. This article seeks to answer three important questions: First, what is the terrorist diaspora? Second, what are the implications of this diaspora, or more precisely, what is the threat posed by returning foreign terrorist fighters? And finally, what can the United States do to mitigate the threat posed by foreign fighters fleeing the battlefields in Iraq and Syria? The term “terrorist diaspora,” as currently used, more accurately describes foreign fighters who traveled from more than eighty different countries to fight with militant groups in Iraq and Syria, but have moved on, or soon will move on, to other countries. While some of these fighters might go on to provide support to Salafi-jihadist insurgencies, the part of the terrorist diaspora we are most concerned with are the foreign fighters who will move on from Syria and Iraq to participate in other civil wars or organize terrorist cells that plot to attack the West.