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70 Antiphon 16.1 (2012) Christian partakes of the Paschal Mystery in receiving the sacraments” (136). When the Church Fathers read Numbers 11 or Ezekiel 36, how could they not grasp those texts as a prophecy of the Church that was to dawn on mankind with the descent of the Holy Spirit? Old Testament foreshadowings of the mystery are expressed in a multilayered feast of typology, icon, hymnody, and spiritual sacrament. Peeling back those layers for our marvel is an exercise of mystagogical catechesis. Father Slesinski gives an informative touchstone here and in the books to follow in this series. David W. Fagerberg University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana Editor’s Note: Since this review was received, the fourth volume of the series has been published: The Holy Theophany (Eastern Christian Publications, 2011), on the mysteries of the Incarnation and the Holy Trinity. The author is presently working on the fifth volume, The Holy Theotokos. These volumes, too, will be reviewed in future issues of Antiphon. Daniel G. Van Slyke Liturgy 101: Sacraments & Sacramentals Liguori, Missouri: Liguori Publications, 2010 143 pp. $14.99. In 2008, the Redemptorist publishing house, Liguori Publications, began producing a “101 Series” designed to educate readers of highschool age and older on the basic truths and practices of the Catholic Faith. The series began with Christopher M. Bellitto’s Church History 101: A Concise Overview and continued with William J. Parker’s, Scripture 101: An Intro to Reading the Bible (2009), Mary Ann Zimmer’s Mary 101: Tradition and Influence (2010), and John L. Gresham’s Jesus 101: God and Man (2010). Daniel G. Van Slyke’s Liturgy 101: Sacraments and Sacramentals appeared at the end of 2010. Readers of Antiphon and members of the Society for Catholic Liturgy are no doubt familiar with Van Slyke’s expertise in the field of liturgy. He has contributed several important articles to this journal and others. Van Slyke’s penchant for precision and balance is evident in Liturgy 101. He begins with a chapter on basic terminology, explaining terms such as “ex opere operato,” “sacrament” and “liturgy.” Along the way, he clears up misunderstandings common in our time, such as the true meaning of “active participation,” why “liturgy” does 71 Book Reviews not simply mean “work of the people,” and the difference between having a right to grace and having a right to the rites of the Church faithfully enacted (the baptized faithful, we learn, possess the latter but not the former). The rest of the book devotes a chapter to each of the seven sacraments , with the chapter on the Eucharist understandably being as twice as long as the others. The book evinces a strong desire on the author’s part to communicate the Church’s timeless teachings on her sacraments, but it brings the reader up to speed on recent magisterial documents as well. Liturgy 101 is also sensitive to the contemporary context: formulae from both the ordinary and extraordinary forms of the Roman Rite are quoted and analyzed, and prevalent abuses and errors, such as the overuse of general absolution and dissenting theologies of sin, are gently corrected. Throughout the work, Van Slyke is careful to tailor his words to the non-specialist without sacrificing accuracy, and he covers not only the bare essentials of each sacrament (matter, form, minister, and recipient) but its underlying theology. The latter he finds principally in the “sacramentals” surrounding each sacrament, that is, the non-essential ceremonial elements instituted by the Church for the celebration or conferral of this or that sacrament . Finally, reflecting the series’ pastoral focus, each chapter ends with two helpful sections: Discussion Questions and Further Reading. Liturgy 101: Sacraments & Sacramentals is an ideal and succinct primer on sacramental theology and the basic facts that every Catholic should know about the seven visible channels of invisible grace instituted by Christ for our sanctification. I can easily envision its use in a wide variety of venues, from high school and introductory undergraduate courses to RCIA to private study. Michael P. Foley Baylor University Waco, Texas Hans Boersma Heavenly Participation: The Weaving of a Sacramental Tapestry Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 2011 xii + 206. Paperback. $20. Liturgical and...


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